Overview

Comprehensive Description

Small (2-3.5 mm), usually slender flies with reduced wing venation. Costal vein twice broken, subcostal vein reduced, fading distally, not reaching wing margin, no basal crossvein and no anal cell, anal vein reduced; postocellar setae cruciate, vibrissae present, no lower fronto-orbital setae, 1 long proclinate and reclinate ors each. (McAlpine 1987, Papp 1998)

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Camillidae

Camillidae is a family of flies, or Diptera. There are five genera (four living; one fossil).

Description[edit]

Camilla wing veins

For terms see Morphology of Diptera

Minute (2-3.5mm. in length) slender lustrous black flies with hyaline wings.The postvertical bristles on the head are cruciate. There are three small orbital bristles on head on each side of frons one of which is poorly developed.The vibrissae on head are well developed.The arista has long rays above and shorter rays below. There are two pairs of dorsocentral bristles on thorax and one mesopleural bristle on the side of the thorax.Costa interrupted near R1, Subcosta reduced and close to R1, posterior basal wing cell and discoidal wing cell fused; anal wing cell rudimentary.Femur of fore legs has a spine on its ventral side.

Biology[edit]

The lifestyle of the Camillidae is for the most part little known. There is an assumption that the larvae feed on decaying plant matter or animal faeces. Adults have frequently been found at the entrances of mammal burrows, or captured in mammal nests. Adults may be also found feeding on flowers. One species has been reared from larvae in the dung of rock hyraxes in Southern Africa (Barraclough, 1992).

Genera[edit]

Identification[edit]

  • Duda, O. 1934. Camillidae. In Lindner, E. Die Fliegen der Palaearktischen Region, Band VI/1: 1-7, Textfig. 1-8, Stuttgart.
  • Papp, L. 1985. A key of the World species of Camillidae (Diptera). Acta zoologica hungarica 31: 217-227.
  • A.A. Shtakel'berg Family Camillidae in Bei-Bienko, G. Ya, 1988 Keys to the insects of the European Part of the USSR Volume 5 (Diptera) Part 2 English edition.

Phylogeny[edit]

  Ephydroidea  

 Curtonotidae




 Diastatidae+Ephydridae




 Drosophilidae



 Camillidae





  Ephydroidea  

 Curtonotidae+Drosophilidae




 Diastatidae




 Ephydridae



 Camillidae





McAlpine (1989)[1]Grimaldi (1990)

[2]

References[edit]

  1. ^ McAlpine, J.F. 1989. Chapter 116. Phylogeny and classification of the Muscomorpha. In Manual of Nearctic Diptera. Vol. 3. Coordinated by J.F. McAlpine and D.M. Wood. Agriculture Canada Monograph, 32. pp. 1397–1518.
  2. ^ David Grimald, 1990 A phylogenetic, revised classification of genera in the Drosophilidae (Diptera) Bulletin of American Museum of Natural History 1971-139 [1]
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