Overview

Distribution

Range Description

The geographic distribution of this species ranges from north Japan (southern Hokkaido) to southern China and the northern Philippines, and it encompasses the Sea of Japan and South and East China Seas (Reid et al. 2005).
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Ecology

Habitat

shelf
  • UNESCO-IOC Register of Marine Organisms
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Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This demersal species occurs in coastal waters, feeding on fish and small crustaceans (Reid et al. 2005). The spawning season is extended with spawning peaks in spring (particularly March and April) and autumn (Reid et al. 2005).

Systems
  • Marine
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 256 - 256
  Temperature range (°C): 13.266 - 13.266
  Nitrate (umol/L): 17.985 - 17.985
  Salinity (PPS): 34.544 - 34.544
  Oxygen (ml/l): 3.333 - 3.333
  Phosphate (umol/l): 1.096 - 1.096
  Silicate (umol/l): 27.058 - 27.058
 
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Sepia andreana

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There is 1 barcode sequence available from BOLD and GenBank.   Below is the sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen.  Other sequences that do not yet meet barcode criteria may also be available.

ACATTATATTTTATTTTCGGAATTTGATCAGGATTACTAGGTACATCACTA---AGCTTAATAATTCGAAGAGAATTAGGTAAACCTGGTACATTATTAAATGAC---GACCAATTATATAATGTTATAGTTACAGCCCATGGATTTATTATAATTTTTTTTTTAGTAATACCTATTATAATTGGCGGTTTTGGTAATTGATTAGTACCTTTGATA---TTAGGTGCTCCTGATATAGCCTTCCCTCGAATAAATAATATAAGTTTTTGATTATTACCCCCTTCCCTTACACTTCTTTTATCATCATCTGCAGTTGAAAGAGGTGCAGGTACAGGATGAACTGTTTACCCTCCTTTATCTAGAAATCTTTCCCATGCAGGACCTTCAGTAGATTTA---GCTATTTTTTCTTTACATCTTGCAGGAGTATCCTCTATTCTAGGTGCTATTAATTTTATCACAACTATTTTAAATATACGTTGAGAAGGTTTACAAATAGAACGACTACCTTTATTTGCTTGATCTGTTTTCATCACTGCAATTTTATTATTATTATCTCTACCAGTACTTGCAGGA---GCTATTACTATATTATTAACTGACCGAAATTTTAATACCACTTTTTTTGATCCTAGAGGTGGAGGGGATCCAATTCTCTATCAACATTTA------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TTT
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Sepia andreana

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
DD
Data Deficient

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
Barratt, I. & Allcock, L.

Reviewer/s
Reid, A., Rogers, Alex & Bohm, M.

Contributor/s
Herdson, R. & Duncan, C.

Justification
Sepia andreana has been assessed as Data Deficient because statistics are not reported separately for this species and we are therefore not able to assess the impact of the fishery.
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Population

Population
The population size of this species is unknown.

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
Ocean acidification caused by increased levels of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere is potentially a threat to all cuttlefish. Studies have shown that under high pCO2 concentrations, cuttlefishes actually lay down a denser cuttlebone which is likely to negatively affect buoyancy regulation (Gutowska et al. 2010). This species forms a consistent fishery in the Yellow Sea and is also taken as bycatch (Reid et al. 2005).
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
Research is required to determine trends in population size, distribution, life history traits and the impacts of harvesting and other threats of this species.
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