The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • Aeschimann, D. & C. Heitz. 2005. Synonymie-Index der Schweizer Flora und der angrenzenden Gebiete (SISF). 2te Auflage. Documenta Floristicae Helvetiae N° 2. Genève. External link.
  • Bailey, L.H., E.Z. Bailey, and the L.H. Bailey Hortatorium. 1976. Hortus Third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. New York: Macmillan. pp. 969–971.
  • Carlson, C.E. 1978. Noneffectiveness of Ribes eradication as a control of white pine blister rust in Yellowstone National Park. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northern Region, Forest Insect and Disease Management Report No. 78-18. November 1978. Accessed online 20 July 2012 from
  • Deutschlands Flora 2: 249. 1826. (Deutschl. Fl.)
  • English Botany, Third Edition 4: 42. 1865. (Engl. Bot. (ed. 3B))
  • FAOSTAT. 2012. Searchable online statistical database from Food and Agriculture Division of the United Nations. Retrieved 22 July 2012 from
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Flora Boreali-Americana 1: 110. 1803. (Fl. Bor.-Amer.)
  • Flora of China. 2001. 29. RIBES Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 200. 1753. Flora of China 8: 428–452. Accessed 17 July 2012 from
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2015. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication., version (01/2015) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • MICHIGAN FLORA ONLINE. 2011. Reznicek, A. A., E. G. Voss, & B. S. Walters. University of Michigan. Web. 7-22-2012.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Ribes rubrum
  • Saxifragales of North America Update
  • USDA PLANTS. 2012. Michigan state-listed noxious weeds. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Plants Databased. Accessed 22 July 2012 from
  • Welsh, S. L. 1974. Anderson's Fl. Alaska Adj. Parts Canada i–xvi, 1–724. Brigham Young University Press, Provo.
  • van Wyk, B.-E. 2005. “Ribes rubrum.Food Plants of the World: An Illustrated Guide. Portland, OR: Timber Press. p. 322.


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