Catalog Number: US 530995
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): H. Pittier
Year Collected: 1905
Locality: La ManueLita, near Palmira, Cauca Valley., Valle del Cauca, Colombia, South America
Elevation (m): 1100 to 1300
- Holotype: Pittier, H. F. 1917. Contr. U.S. Natl. Herb. 18: 252.
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Branches and leaves show antimicrobial activity.
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Cordia curassavica
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 7
Species With Barcodes: 1
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems
Stem and Leaf: Infusion for a stomachic, sudorific, to treat hypertension, biliousness, diarrhoea and colds. Stem: Chewed to clean the teeth and destroy bad breath. Leaf: Dried and boiled in a liquid drunk to control heavy menstrual flow. Macerated leaves used externally as dandruff treatment. Leaf employed in Surinam to remedy gonorrhoea. Boiled in a tea for a coolant; in a bath for fever. Infusion of young leaves for grippe, and as an aromatic, pectoral and stimulant. Leaves crushed and rubbed on the skin to prevent mosquito bites. Leaves used by Surinam Saramaccan Bush Negroes in curative herbal bath. Boiled infusion of sun-dried leaves is employed for a gonorrhoea remedy in Surinam. Juice of finely crushed leaves is used for alleviating monthly stomach pains (menstrual cramps).
Cordia curassavica, commonly known as Black Sage or Wild Sage, is a species of flowering plant in the borage family, Boraginaceae. It is native to tropical America and has been widely introduced to Southeast Asia and the tropical Pacific region, where it is an invasive weed. The specific epithet is a latinised form of Curaçao, an island in the southern Caribbean Sea region and the locality of the type collection.
Black Sage is a many-branched shrub growing up to 3 m in height and smelling strongly of sage. Its leaves are lanceolate to ovate in shape, 40–100 mm long and 15–60 mm wide. The small white flowers grow in clusters at the ends of the branches; they have a funnel-shaped corolla, 4–6 mm long. The small, fleshy red fruits each contain a single 4–5 mm long seed.
- "Cordia curassavica (Jacq.) Roem. & Schult.". Flora of Australia Online. Australian Biological Resources Study. 1993. http://www.anbg.gov.au/abrs/online-resources/flora/stddisplay.xsql?pnid=7127. Retrieved 2010-12-02.
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FG Creole: monjoly, montjoly. FG Palikur: tarub. Guyana: black sage. Surinam Creole: baaka oema, baaka uma, blaka oema, blaka-oema, blaka-oema-wiwiri, blaka uma wiwiri, blakka-mama, blakka oema wiri.
Names and Taxonomy
Cordia graveolens H.B.K.; Cordia macrostachya (Jacq.) Roemer & Schultes; Lithocardium curassavicum O. Kuntze; Varronia curassavica Jacq.
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