The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.
- Entom. Comp., 247.
- Hodges, Ronald W. 1983. Check List of the Lepidoptera of America North of Mexico. xxiv + 284
- Lafontaine, J. Donald, and B. Christian Schmidt. 2010. Annotated check list of the Noctuoidea (Insecta, Lepidoptera) of North America north of Mexico. ZooKeys, vol. 40. 1-239
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