The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • Bawa K. and G. Frankie. Costa Rican Natural History. ed. D. Janzen. USA: The University of Chicago Press; 1983: 215-216.
  • Bixaceae of North America Update
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Roubik, D., J. Ackerman, C. Copenhaver, B. Smith. Stratum, Tree, and Flower Selection by Tropical Bees: Implications for the Reproductive Biology of Outcrossing Cochlospermum Vitifolium in Panama. Ecology. 1982; 63(3): 712-720.
  • Weber, A, ed. An Introductory Field Guide to the Flower Plants of the Golfo Dulce Rain Forests, Costa Rica. Austria: Biologiezentrum des OÖ Landersmuseums; 2002.
  • Zamora, N.; González J. & Poveda, L. J. (en prep. ). 1999. Arboles y Arbustos del Bosque Seco de Costa Rica. Instituto Nacional de Biodiversidad, Costa Rica.
  • Zuchowski, W. A Guide to Tropical Plants of Costa Rica. Miami, FL: Distribuidores Zona Tropical, SA; 2005.


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