Regularity: Regularly occurring
Localities documented in Tropicos sources
United States (North America)
Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
- Hartman, R. L. & B. E. Nelson. 1998. Novelties from North America north of Mexico: A 20-Year Vascular plant Diversity Baseline. 1–51 (mss.). http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/11044
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: N4 - Apparently Secure
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Widespread but uncommon species of eastern USA.
Comments: Moderately threatened by succession, and to a lesser extent by land-use conversion and habitat fragmentation, at least in Southern Appalachians (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).