Regularity: Regularly occurring
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: N4 - Apparently Secure
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G4 - Apparently Secure
Reasons: Widespread but uncommon species of eastern USA.
Comments: Moderately threatened by succession, and to a lesser extent by land-use conversion and habitat fragmentation, at least in Southern Appalachians (Southern Appalachian Species Viability Project 2002).
Names and Taxonomy
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