Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

"Notes: Moist & Dry deciduous forests, also in the plains"
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Miscellaneous Details

Plant used in traditional medicine.
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Description

Small annual or perennial herb. It may be somewhat trailing or grow into a subshrub up to about 20 cm. The stems, branches and calyces are covered in long silvery hairs.
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Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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"Maharashtra: Common throughout Karnataka: Belgaum, Chikmagalur, Coorg, Dharwar, Hassan, Mysore, N. Kanara, Shimoga, S. Kanara Kerala: All districts Tamil Nadu: All districts"
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"Found in open areas, scrub jungles and exposed slopes from plains to 1500m. Common. Tropical and subtropical regions of both hemispheres."
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Distribution in Egypt

Gebel Elba.

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Global Distribution

Tropical and subtropical regions.

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Anhui, Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Hubei, Hunan, Jiangsu, Jiangxi, Qinghai, Sichuan, Taiwan, Xizang, Yunnan, Zhejiang [Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Japan (Ryukyu Islands), Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Thailand, Vietnam; Africa, Australia, North America, Pacific Islands, South America]
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Tropical and subtropical regions of both hemispheres.
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Physical Description

Morphology

"
Flower

In axillary, solitary; blue with white throat. Flowering throughout the year.

Fruit

A conical or depressed-globose capsule; seeds glabrous. Fruiting throughout the year.

Field tips

Leaves fulvous-hirsute, very variable. Flowers fading by noon.

Leaf Arrangement

Alternate-distichous

Leaf Type

Simple

Leaf Shape

Elliptic, oblong-lanceolate

Leaf Apex

Obtusely apiculate

Leaf Base

Acute

Leaf Margin

Entire

"
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Elevation Range

550-1100 m
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Description

Herbs perennial. Stems several to numerous, prostrate or ascending, slender, with appressed and spreading hairs. Leaves petiolate or subsessile, 0.7-2.5 cm X 5-10 mm. Cymes 1- to few flowered; peduncles filiform, 2.5-3.5 cm; bracts linear-subulate to linear-lanceolate, 1.5-4 mm. Sepals lanceolate, 3-4 mm, villous. Corolla rotate, 7-10 mm in diam. Stamens included; filaments filiform, adnate to base of corolla tube. Ovary glabrous. Styles 2, free. Capsule globose, 4-valved. Seeds 4 or fewer, black, smooth. Fl. and fr. year round. 2n = 26.
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Habit: A small, prostrate or ascending herb, upto 30cm."
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Diagnostic

Habit: Herb
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Type Information

Holotype for Evolvulus tenuis subsp. yucatanensis Ooststr.
Catalog Number: US 1267542
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): G. Gaumer
Locality: Chichankanab., Mexico, Central America
  • Holotype: Ooststroom, S. J. van. 1934. Meded. Bot. Mus. Herb. Rijks Univ. Utrecht. 14: 64.
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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

"Common along foothills, lower slopes, scrub jungles even in poor soils, on bare exposed slopes. More abundant in the hills upto 1500m. Tropical and subtropical regions of the world."
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Sandy plains.

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Sandy soil, dry slopes, cultivated areas, maritime areas, grasslands, thickets, roadsides; 0-1800 m.
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Population Biology

Frequency

Common
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Life History and Behavior

Life Expectancy

Annual or perennial.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Evolvulus alsinoides

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 13
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Folklore

Indigenous Information: Birds take the young stem for the construction of their nests.
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Uses

Highly valued medicinal plant.
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Wikipedia

Evolvulus alsinoides

Evolvulus alsinoides (Dwarf Morning Glory) is flowering plant from the family Convolvulaceae. It has a natural pantropical distribution encompassing tropical and warm-temperate regions of Australasia, Indomalaya, Polynesia, Sub-Saharan Africa and the Americas.[1] The species inhabits a wide range of habitats, from marshland and wet forests to deserts. A number of varieties and subspecies are recognized. It may become a weed in some situations. It is one of the plants included in Dasapushpam, the ten sacred flowers of Kerala.

This herb used in traditional medicine of East Asia for its purported psychotropic and nootropic properties.[2] although such claims are not medically verified.

Chemical compounds isolated from E. alsinoides include scopoletin, umbelliferone, scopolin and 2-methyl-1,2,3,4-butanetetrol.[3]

References[edit]

  1. ^ "Evolvulus alsinoides (L.) L.". Retrieved 25 February 2014. 
  2. ^ Amritpal Singh (2008). "Review of Ethnomedicinal Uses and Pharmacology of Evolvulus alsinoides Linn". Ethnobotanical Leaflets 12: 734–740. 
  3. ^ Cervenka F, Koleckar V, Rehakova Z, Jahodar L, Kunes J, Opletal L, Hyspler R, Jun D, Kuca K (2008). "Evaluation of natural substances from Evolvulus alsinoides L. with the purpose of determining their antioxidant potency". J Enzyme Inhib Med Chem 23 (4): 574–578. doi:10.1080/14756360701674421. PMID 18666003. 
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