The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

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  • 10. Dawson, F. Hugh; Holland, David. 1999. The distribution in bankside habitats of three alien invasive plants in the U.K. in relation to the development of control strategies. Hydrobiologia. 15: 193-201. [72328]
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  • 13. European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization. 2006. EPPO data sheet on invasive plants: Heracleum mantegazzianum, [Online]. In: EPPO activities on plant quarantine. Paris: European and Mediterranean Plant Protection Organization (Producer). Available: www.eppo.org/QUARANTINE/plants/Heracleum_mantgazzianum/HERMZ_ds.pdf [2009, April 8]. [72961]
  • 14. Gleason, Henry A.; Cronquist, Arthur. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 2nd ed. New York: New York Botanical Garden. 910 p. [20329]
  • 15. Grace, J.; Nelson, M. 1981. Insects and their pollen loads at a hybrid Heracleum site. New Phytologist. 87(2): 413-423. [72392]
  • 16. Grime, J. P.; Mason, G.; Curtis, A. V.; Rodman, J.; Band, S. R.; Mowforth, M. A. G.; Neal, A. M.; Shaw, S. 1981. A comparative study of germination characteristics in a local flora. The Journal of Ecology. 69(3): 1017-1059. [70060]
  • 18. Huls, Jorg; Otte, Annette; Eckstein, R. Lutz. 2007. Population life-cycle and stand structure in dense and open stands of the introduced tall herb Heracleum mantegazzianum. Biological Invasions. 9(7): 799-811. [72330]
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  • 19. Jahodova, Sarka; Froberg, Lars; Pysek, Petr; Geltman, Dmitry; Trybush, Sviatlana; Karp, Angela. 2007. Taxonomy, identification, genetic relationships and distribution of large Heracleum species in Europe. In: Pysek, P.; Cock, M. J. W.; Nentwig, W.; Ravn, H. P., eds. Ecology and management of giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum). Wallingford, UK; Cambridge, MA: CAB International: 1-19. [73193]
  • 2. Buttenschon, Rita Merete; Nielsen, Charlotte. 2007. Control of Heracleum mantegazzianum by grazing. In: Pysek, P.; Cock, M. J. W.; Nentwig, W.; Ravn, H. P., eds. Ecology and management of giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum). Wallingford, UK; Cambridge, MA: CAB International: 240-254. [73203]
  • 20. Kartesz, John T. 1999. A synonymized checklist and atlas with biological attributes for the vascular flora of the United States, Canada, and Greenland. 1st ed. In: Kartesz, John T.; Meacham, Christopher A. Synthesis of the North American flora (Windows Version 1.0), [CD-ROM]. Chapel Hill, NC: North Carolina Botanical Garden (Producer). In cooperation with: The Nature Conservancy; U.S. Department of Agriculture, Natural Resources Conservation Service; U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. [36715]
  • 21. Koutika, Lydie-Stella; Vanderhoeven, Sonia; Chapuis-Lardy, Lydie; Dassonville, Nicolas; Meerts, Pierre. 2007. Assessment of changes in soil organic matter after invasion by exotic plant species. Biology and Fertility of Soils. 44(2): 331-341. [72334]
  • 22. Krinke, Lukas; Moravcova, Lenka; Pysek, Petr; Jarosik, Vojtech; Pergl, Jan; Perglova, Irena. 2005. Seed bank of an invasive alien, Heracleum mantegazzianum, and its seasonal dynamics. Seed Science Research. 15(3): 239-248. [72335]
  • 23. Lamont, Eric E.; Young, Stephen M. 2004. Noteworthy plants reported from the Torrey Range--2002 and 2003. Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 131(4): 394-402. [72336]
  • 26. Massachusetts Invasive Plant Advisory Group (IMPAG). 2005. Strategic recommendations for managing invasive plants in Massachusetts. Final report: February 28, 2005, [Online]. Massachusetts Invasive Plant Advisory Group (Producer). Available: http://www.massaudubon.org/PDF/invasives/strategic_plan_042005.pdf [2009, January 30]. 15 p. [+ appendices]. [71599]
  • 27. Mayer, LaRessa K. 2000. Comparison of management techniques for Heracleum mantegazzianum in north and central Europe. Restoration and Reclamation Review--Student Online Journal. Volume 6--Fall. St. Paul, MN: University of Minnesota, Department of Horticultural Science. Available: http://horticulture.cfans.umn.edu/vd/h5015/00papers/mayer.htm [2009, March 27]. [72316]
  • 28. Mehrhoff, L. J.; Silander, J. A., Jr.; Leicht, S. A.; Mosher, E. S.; Tabak, N. M. 2003. Have you seen this plant? Giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum), [Online]. In: Noxious weeds. In: IPANE: Invasive Plant Atlas of New England. Storrs, CT: University of Connecticut, Department of Ecology and Evolutionary Biology (Producer). Available: http://nbii-nin.ciesin.columbia.edu/ipane/ipanespecies/HogweedWarning.pdf [2009, March 31]. [73155]
  • 29. Moravcova, Lenka; Perglova, Irena; Pysek, Petr; Jarosik, Vojtech; Pergl, Jan. 2005. Effects of fruit position on fruit mass and seed germination in the alien species Heracleum mantegazzianum (Apiaceae) and the implications for its invasion. Acta-Oecologica. 28(1): 1-10. [72338]
  • 3. Caffrey, J. M. 1999. Phenology and long-term control of Heracleum mantegazzianum. Hydrobiologia. 415: 223-228. [72322]
  • 30. Moravcova, Lenka; Pysek, Petr; Krinke, Lukas; Pergl, Jan; Perglova, Irena; Thompson, Ken. 2007. Seed germination, dispersal, and seed bank in Heracleum mantegazzianum. In: Pysek, P.; Cock, M. J. W.; Nentwig, W.; Ravn, H. P., eds. Ecology and management of giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum). Wallingford, UK; Cambridge, MA: CAB International: 74-91. [73196]
  • 31. Moravcova, Lenka; Pysek, Petr; Pergl, Jan; Perglova, Irena; Jarosik, Vojtech. 2006. Seasonal pattern of germination and seed longevity in the invasive species Heracleum mantegazzianum. Preslia. 78(3): 287-301. [72386]
  • 32. Morton, J. K. 1975. The giant cow-parsnip, Heracleum mantegazzianum Umbelliferae, in Canada. The Canadian Field Naturalist. 89: 183-184. [72318]
  • 33. Morton, J. K. 1978. Distribution of giant cow-parsnip (Heracleum mantegazzianum) in Canada. The Canadian Field Naturalist. 92: 182-185. [72319]
  • 34. Mullerova, Jana; Pysek, Petr; Jarosik, Vojtech; Pergl, Jan. 2005. Aerial photographs as a tool for assessing the regional dynamics of the invasive plant species Heracleum mantegazzianum. Journal of Applied Ecology. 42(6): 1042-1053. [72339]
  • 35. New Jersey Department of Agriculture. 2005. Giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum): An attractive but dangerous noxious weed--Have you seen this plant? Trenton NJ: New Jersey Department of Agriculture. Pamphlet. [72411]
  • 36. New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets. [2005]. Giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum). An attractive but dangerous noxious weed. Have you seen this plant? Albany, NY: New York State Department of Agriculture and Markets, Division of Plant Industry; U.S. Department of Agriculture, Animal & Plant Health Inspection Service, Plant Protection & Quarantine. 4 p. [72960]
  • 37. Nielsen, Charlotte; Hartvig, Per; Kollmann, Johannes. 2008. Predicting the distribution of the invasive alien Heracleum mantegazzianum at two different spatial scales. Diversity and Distributions. 14(2): 307-317. [72343]
  • 38. Nielsen, Charlotte; Heimes, Christine; Kollmann, Johannes. 2008. Little evidence for negative effects of an invasive alien plant on pollinator services. Biological Invasions. 10(8): 1353-1363. [72344]
  • 39. Nielsen, Charlotte; Vanaga, Ineta; Treikale, Olga; Priekule, Ilze. 2007. Mechanical and chemical control of Heracleum mantegazzianum and H. sosnowskyi. In: Pysek, P.; Cock, M. J. W.; Nentwig, W.; Ravn, H. P., eds. Ecology and management of giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum). Wallingford, UK; Cambridge, MA: CAB International: 226-239. [73202]
  • 4. Caffrey, Joe M. 1994. Spread and management of Heracleum mantegazzianum along the Irish river corridors. In: de Waal, Louise C.; Child, Lois E.; Wade, P. Max; Brock, John H., eds. Ecology and management of invasive riverside plants. Biology Series. New York: John Wiley & Sons: 67-76. [72996]
  • 40. Oregon Department of Agriculture. 2008. Toxic plant alert!: Giant hogweed--Heracleum mantegazzianum. Salem OR: Oregon Department of Agriculture, Plant Division, Noxious Weed Control Program. Pamphlet. [72412]
  • 41. Otte, Annette; Franke, Rene. 1998. The ecology of the Caucasian herbaceous perennial Heracleum mantegazzianum Somm. et Lev. (giant hogweed) in cultural ecosystems of Central Europe. Phytocoenologia. 28(2): 205-232. [72345]
  • 42. Page, Nicholas A.; Wall, Ronald E.; Darbyshire, Stephen J.; Mulligan, Gerald A. 2006. The biology of invasive alien plants in Canada. 4. Heracleum mantegazzianum Sommier & Levier. Canadian Journal of Plant Science. 86(2): 569-589. [72346]
  • 43. Parks, Catherine G.; Radosevich, Steven R.; Endress, Bryan A.; Naylor, Bridgett J.; Anzinger, Dawn; Rew, Lisa J.; Maxwell, Bruce D.; Dwire, Kathleen A. 2005. Natural and land-use history of the Northwest mountain ecoregions (USA) in relation to patterns of plant invasions. Perspectives in Plant Ecology, Evolution and Systematics. 7: 137-158. [70353]
  • 44. Pergl, Jan; Huls, Jorg; Perglova, Irena; Eckstein, R. Lutz; Pysek, Petr; Otte, Annette. 2007. Population dynamics of Heracleum mantegazzianum. In: Pysek, P.; Cock, M. J. W.; Nentwig, W.; Ravn, H. P., eds. Ecology and management of giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum). Wallingford, UK; Cambridge, MA: CAB International: 92-111. [73197]
  • 45. Pergl, Jan; Perglova, Irena; Pysek, Petr; Dietz, Hansjorg. 2006. Population age structure and reproductive behavior of the monocarpic perennial Heracleum mantegazzianum (Apiaceae) in its native and invaded distribution ranges. American Journal of Botany. 93(7): 1018-1028. [72347]
  • 46. Perglova, Irena; Pergl, Jan; Pysek, Petr. 2006. Flowering phenology and reproductive effort of the invasive alien plant Heracleum mantegazzianum. Preslia. 78(3): 265-285. [72348]
  • 47. Perglova, Irena; Pergl, Jan; Pysek, Petr. 2007. Reproductive ecology of Heracleum mantegazzianum. In: Pysek, P.; Cock, M. J. W.; Nentwig, W.; Ravn, H. P., eds. Ecology and management of giant hogweed (Heracleum mantegazzianum). Wallingford, UK; Cambridge, MA: CAB International: 55-73. [73195]
  • 48. Pojar, Jim; MacKinnon, Andy, eds. 1994. Plants of the Pacific Northwest coast: Washington, Oregon, British Columbia and Alaska. Redmond, WA: Lone Pine Publishing. 526 p. [25159]
  • 49. Pysek, Petr. 1991. Heracleum mantegazzianum in the Czech Republic: dynamics of spreading from the historical perspective. Folia Geobotanica et Phytotaxonomica. 26(4): 439-459. [72351]
  • 5. Case, Martha A.; Beaman, John H. 1992. Heracleum mantegazzianum (giant cow parsnip): another exotic in the Michigan flora. Michigan Botanist. 31: 152-154. [72314]
  • 50. Pysek, Petr; Jarosik, Vojtech; Mullerova; Jana; Pergl, Jan; Wild, Jan. 2008. Comparing the rate of invasion by Heracleum mantegazzianum at continental, regional, and local scales. Diversity and Distributions. 14(2): 355-363. [72349]
  • 51. Pysek, Petr; Kopecky, Miroslav; Jarosik, Vojtech; Kotkova, Pavla. 1998. The role of human density and climate in the spread of Heracleum mantegazzianum in the Central European landscape. Diversity and Distributions. 4(1): 9-16. [72391]
  • 52. Pysek, Petr; Krinke, Lukas; Jarosik, Vojtech; Perglova, Irena; Pergl, Jan; Moravcova, Lenka. 2007. Timing and extent of tissue removal affect reproduction characteristics of an invasive species Heracleum mantegazzianum. Biological Invasions. 9(3): 335-351. [72350]
  • 53. Pysek, Petr; Morvcova, L. 2009. [Email to Corey L. Gucker]. March 6. Heracleum mantegazzianum: Recent seed bank findings. Pruhonice, Czech Republic: Academy of Sciences of the Czech Republic, Institute of Botany. On file with: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Rocky Mountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Laboratory, Missoula, MT; RWU 4403 files. [73479]
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  • 62. Smither-Kopperl, Margaret. 2007. The first line of defense: interceptions of federal noxious weed seeds in Washington. In: Harrington, Timothy B.; Reichard, Sarah H., tech. eds. Meeting the challenge: invasive plants in Pacific Northwest ecosystems. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-GTR-694. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Research Station: 19-22. [69617]
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  • 65. Theile, Jan; Otte, Annette. 2006. Analysis of habitats and communities invaded by Heracleum mantegazzianum Somm. et Lev. (giant hogweed) in Germany. Phytocoenologia. 36(2): 281-320. [72365]
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