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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

"Notes: Rocky areas in moist deciduous forests. Plains to Low Altitude, Cultivated, Native of Madagascar"
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Distribution

Maharashtra: Kolhapur Tamil Nadu: All districts
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Kalanchoe brevicalyx (Raym.-Hamet & H. Perrier) Boiteau:
Madagascar (Africa & Madagascar)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Kalanchoe calcicola (H. Perrier) Boiteau:
Madagascar (Africa & Madagascar)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Kalanchoe pinnata var. genuina Raym.-Hamet:
Madagascar (Africa & Madagascar)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Oken:
Honduras (Mesoamerica)
China (Asia)
Ecuador (South America)
Mexico (Mesoamerica)
Madagascar (Africa & Madagascar)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Kalanchoe pinnata var. calcicola H. Perrier:
Madagascar (Africa & Madagascar)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Kalanchoe briquetii Raym.-Hamet:
Madagascar (Africa & Madagascar)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Sedum madagascariense H. Perrier:
Madagascar (Africa & Madagascar)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Kalanchoe calycinum Salisb.:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Bryophyllum proliferum Bowie ex Hook.:
Madagascar (Africa & Madagascar)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Bryophyllum calycinum Salisb.:
Madagascar (Africa & Madagascar)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Cotyledon pinnata Lam.:
Mauritius (Africa & Madagascar)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Bryophyllum pinnatum (Lam.) Kurz:
Belize (Mesoamerica)
Ecuador (South America)
Mexico (Mesoamerica)
Madagascar (Africa & Madagascar)
Guatemala (Mesoamerica)
Honduras (Mesoamerica)
Peru (South America)
United States (North America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Kalanchoe pinnata (Lam.) Pers.:
Bolivia (South America)
Brazil (South America)
Costa Rica (Mesoamerica)
French Guiana (South America)
Guyana (South America)
Mexico (Mesoamerica)
Madagascar (Africa & Madagascar)
New Caledonia (Oceania)
Panama (Mesoamerica)
Peru (South America)
Paraguay (South America)
Canary Islands (Africa & Madagascar)
Sri Lanka (Asia)
Suriname (South America)
United States (North America)
Venezuela (South America)
Caribbean (Caribbean)
Colombia (South America)
Ecuador (South America)
Moluccas (Asia)
Java (Asia)
India (Asia)
Hawaiian Isl (Oceania)
China (Asia)
Congo (Brazzaville) (Africa & Madagascar)
Belize (Mesoamerica)
Australia (Oceania)
Angola (Africa & Madagascar)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Distribution: Native to Tropical Africa, cultivated or naturalized elsewhere.
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Throughout the tropics.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Succulent, glabrous herb. Stem 0.3-2 m high, branched, erect or ascending, stout, somewhat woody at base. Leaves simple or 3-5 foliate, decussate, imparipinnate, succulent, leaves or leaflets 5-20 x 2.5-12 cm, ovate, ovate-oblong, apex obtuse, base rounded, margin crenate, petiole 2-10 cm long. Inflorescence axillary panicles. Flowers pendulous, large, bisexual, 4-merous, pedicel 10-25 mm long. Calyx glabrous, green with red or red-violet stripes, lobes triangular, acute, 2.1-3 x 0.6-1.2 cm. Corolla lobes glabrous, red or purple, constricted in the lower third, exserted from calyx mouth, acute, 3.4-5.4 x 0.4-0.7 cm. Stamens 8, in two whorls, filaments inserted in lower quarter of corolla , exserted, 2-4.5 mm long. Carpels 6-12 mm long, connate at the base, styles 2-3.5 cm long, numerous ovules per locule. Nectar scale subquadrate, obtuse or emarginate at the apex, 1.5-2.6 x 1-1.8 mm. Follicles 10-14 mm long, enclosed in the persistent papery calyx. Seeds numerous per fruit, obovoid, obtuse at the apex 0.8-1.2 x 0.2-0.35 mm.
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Elevation Range

850 m
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Description

Herbs 40-150 cm tall, glabrous. Stems usually branched. Leaf blade pinnately compound with 3-5 leaflets, 10-30 cm; petiolules 2-4 cm; leaflet blades oblong to elliptic, 6-8 × 3-5 cm, margin crenate, apex obtuse. Inflorescences terminal, paniculate, 10-40 cm, many flowered. Flowers pendulous. Calyx tubular, 2-4 cm. Corolla reddish to purple, to 5 cm, base sparsely ciliate; lobes ovate-lanceolate. Stamens inserted basally on corolla. Nectar scales oblong. Follicles included in calyx and corolla tube. Seeds striate. Fl. Jan-Mar.
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

Habit: Herb
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Synonym

Crassula pinnata Linnaeus f., Suppl. Pl. 191. 1782; Bryophyllum calycinum Salisbury; Kalanchoe pinnata (Linnaeus f.) Persoon.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat & Distribution

Cultivated and naturalized. Fujian, Guangdong, Guangxi, Taiwan, Yunnan [native to Africa; naturalized elsewhere].
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flower/Fruit

Fl.Per.: February-May.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Kalanchoe pinnata

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Kalanchoe pinnata

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 9
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Bryophyllum pinnatum

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Notes

Comments

This species is cultivated as an ornamental and is used medicinally.
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