Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Guangdong, Guangxi, Guizhou, Hainan, Yunnan [India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, Vietnam; N Australia]
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Distribution: Sikkim, Bhutan, Khasia, South India to Hongkong, 300-1500 m. Cultivated in Pakistan.
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Himalaya (Nepal to Bhutan), India, N. Thailand, S. China, sometimes cultivated.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Shrubs scandent, 1-7 m. Branchlets terete, slightly pubescent to densely tomentose. Leaves opposite, simple; petiole 2-6 mm; leaf blade ovate to lanceolate, (1.5-)3-11 × 2-5.5 cm, papery, pubescent or glabrescent except for hairy veins abaxially, base rounded, truncate, or subcordate, apex usually acute; primary veins 3 or 4 on each side of midrib. Cymes terminal or axillary, many flowered, congested; bracts linear or ovate-lanceolate, 1-5(-9) mm. Pedicel 1-4 mm. Calyx densely tomentose to glabrescent; lobes 6-8, subulate-filiform, 5-10(-14) mm. Corolla white, salverform; tube 1.5-2 (-3) cm; lobes 6-9, lanceolate, 8-11(-14) mm. Berry black, subglobose or ovoid, 1-1.2 cm × 5-8 mm. Fl. Apr-Dec, fr. Aug-Mar. 2n = 26*.
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Description

Shrub scandent; branchlets hairy, slender. Leaves opposite, simple, ovate-lanceolate, acuminate, up to 5 cm long, pubescent on the nerves beneath, somewhat undulate; petiole short. Flowers scentless, 6-10 in terminal cymes. Calyx pubescent, teeth c. 5 mm, subulate. Corolla white, tinged with red outside, tube c. 1.5 cm long, lobes half the length of the tube or less, acute. Berry simple or didymous, globose, 6 mm in diam., black when ripe, surrounded by suberect subulate calyx teeth.
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Elevation Range

200-2000 m
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Nyctanthes elongata Bergius, Phil. Trans. 61: 289. 1772; Jasminum amplexicaule Buchanan-Hamilton; J. esquirolii H. Léveillé; J. ligustroides L. C. Chia; J. undulatum Ker-Gawler.
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Ecology

Habitat

Thickets, mixed forests; 0-900 m.
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Notes

Comments

Jasminum elongatum is a very widespread and variable species.
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Comments

This species resembles Jasminum multiflorum very much but differs in its shorter calyx teeth and corolla lobes, and in its scentless flowers. The venation of the leaves is more or less open in Jasminum amplexicaule whereas it is closed in Jasminum multiflorum.
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