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Overview

Distribution

Range Description

Mentha suaevolens is of Euro-Mediterranean origin and occurs in central and southern Europe, North Africa, southwest Asia, Macaronesia (except Cape Verde Islands), therefore missing in the south-east of the Mediterranean region. It is found in Portugal, Spain and Balearic Islands, France and Corsica, Italy with Sardinia and Sicily, Malta, former Yugoslavia, Albania, Bulgaria, Greece, Crete, East Aegean Islands, Turkey, Tunisia, Algeria, Morocco.

In Turkey, it is found at several locations: İstanbul: Baltalimanı; Bursa: near İnegöl, 300 m; Sakarya: Sapanca Lake, 50 m; İzmir: Bornova, 10 m; İzmir: Kuşadası to Bergama; Manisa: Manisa to Akhisar; Aydın: Samsun Dağı, 400 m; Denizli: Denizli to Taş Ocağı; Antalya: near Kaş (Davis 1965-1985); Adapazarı: Sapanca Lake; Burdur: Gölhisar Lake (Ulupınar Lake) (Seçmen and Leblebici 1997).
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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Herbs perennial, rhizomatous, stoloniferous. Stems erect, 30-80 cm, striate, crisped villous, pyramidally branched. Leaves usually sessile, circular to oblong-ovate, 2-4.5 × 1.5-3 cm, villous, base cordate, margin crenate or crenate-serrate, apex obtuse. Verticillasters in terminal, dense cylindric spikes 2-4 × ca. 0.6 cm, lower 1 or 2 ± widely spaced; bracts lanceolate, ca. 3 mm, crisped. Pedicel ca. 1 mm, glabrous. Calyx broadly campanulate, ca. 2.5 mm, pubescent, subglobose, dilated in fruit, not constricted at throat, obscurely veined; teeth lanceolate-subulate, ca. 1 mm. Corolla white, purplish, bluish or purple, ca. 2.5 mm, glabrous, tube ca. 1.5 mm; lobes subequal, upper emarginate. Ovary glabrous. Nutlets unknown.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
M. suaevolens is a perennial Hemicryptophyte. It grows at uncultivated places, field sides and path sides, banks of ditches and flooded places, wet meadows, riverine forests, banks of small streams and springs. This taxon inhabits damp ground, often drying up in summer in Turkey.

Systems
  • Terrestrial
  • Freshwater
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Habitat & Distribution

Beijing Shi, Kunming Shi, Nanjing Shi, Shanghai Shi, Yunnan (Lijiang Xian) [Europe]
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Mentha suaveolens

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Mentha suaveolens

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 10
Specimens with Barcodes: 10
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2014

Assessor/s
Kavak, S.

Reviewer/s
Lansdown, R.V. & Smith, K.

Contributor/s
de Belair, G. & Hugot, L.

Justification
This is a widespread species with no known major threats.
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National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Population

Population
The populations of M. suaevolens are numerous.

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known threats to Mentha suaveolens.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are currently no conservation measures in place. It is suggested to study the taxonomy of the subspecies timija.
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Wikipedia

Mentha suaveolens

A variant of apple mint, pineapple mint, displays white variegation on its leaves, Pierce County, Washington

Mentha suaveolens, apple mint, woolly mint or round-leafed mint (synonyms M. rotundifolia, Mentha macrostachya, Mentha insularis)[1][2] is a member of the mint genus Mentha that ranges through southern and western Europe and the western Mediterranean region. It is a herbaceous, upright perennial plant that is most commonly grown as a culinary herb or for ground cover.

Description[edit]

Apple mint typically grows to a height of from 40 to 100 centimetres (16 to 39 in) tall and spreads by stolons to form clonal colonies. The foliage is light green, with the opposite, wrinkled, sessile leaves being oblong to nearly ovate, 3 to 5 cm (1.2 to 2.0 in) long and 2 to 4 cm (0.8 to 1.6 in) broad. They are somewhat hairy on top and downy underneath with serrated edges. The flowers develop in terminal spikes 4 to 9 cm (1.6 to 3.5 in) long and consisting of a number of whorls of white or pinkish flowers. Apple mint flowers in mid to late summer. The plant is aromatic with a fruity, minty flavour.[3]

Distribution[edit]

Apple mint is native to southern and western Europe and is naturalised in central and northern parts of Europe. It is found in damp and wet locations.[3]

Cultivation and uses[edit]

An attractive herb, apple mint is often used as an ornamental plant. It is hardy and easy to grow, preferring full sun to lightly shady conditions. The leaves of this plant can be used to make apple mint jelly, as well as a flavoring in dishes such as apple mint couscous. It is also often used to make a mint tea, as a garnish, or in salads.[4]

Pineapple mint (Mentha suaveolens 'Variegata') is a cultivar of apple mint that has leaves which are banded with white. A hybrid derived from it is grapefruit mint (Mentha suaveolens x piperata).

Apple mint is called hierbabuena in Spain and most South American countries, literally meaning "good herb". Apple mint has been used for medicinal purposes for thousands of years in many parts of the world, including Africa, Europe, Asia, and the Americas.

References[edit]

  1. ^ Quattrocchi, Umberto (1947-). CRC World dictionary of plant names: Common names, Scientific Names, Eponyms, Sonyonyms, and Etymology. III M-Q. CRC Press. p. 1659.  Check date values in: |date= (help)
  2. ^ "BSBI List 2007" (xls). Botanical Society of Britain and Ireland. Archived from the original on 2015-02-25. Retrieved 2014-10-17. 
  3. ^ a b "Mentha suaveolens (apple mint)". Kew Royal Botanic Gardens. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
  4. ^ "Mentha suaveolens". Plants for a Future. Retrieved 2013-12-10. 
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Notes

Comments

Cultivated in China. 

 Mostl widely known as Mentha rotundifolia (Linnaeus) Hudson, but the holotype of that species has been shown to be a different plant of hybrid origin.

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