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Overview

Comprehensive Description

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Small-Flowered Forget-Me-Not is a weedy little plant that is easily overlooked. The tiny flowers are not very showy, unless they are examined up-close. It has smaller flowers (only 1/8" across) than many other Myosotis spp. (Forget-Me-Not species), and its flowers lack yellow centers. A similar species from Eurasia, Myosotis arvensis (Field Forget-Me-Not), is similar in appearance, but it has flowers with yellow centers and its pedicels are longer than the flowers. Thus far, Field Forget-Me-Not has not been found in Illinois, although it occurs in some eastern states. Another species, Myosotis verna (Spring Forget-Me-Not), has white flowers that are slightly larger in size than those of Small-Flowered Forget-Me-Not.
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© John Hilty

Source: Illinois Wildflowers

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Description

This adventive annual plant is about 3-10" long, branching occasionally toward the base. Smaller plants in sunlight are more or less erect, while larger plants in shade have a tendency to sprawl across the ground. The stems are light green and hairy. The alternate leaves are up to 1" long and 1/3" across; they are oblong to oblong-lanceolate, medium green, sessile, and hairy. The leaf margins are smooth and ciliate. The upper stems terminate in elongated racemes of flowers; the raceme of the central stem eventually occupies over one-half the length of the plant. Each flower is about 1/8" across and ¼" long, consisting of a 5-lobed blue corolla, a hairy green calyx with 5 linear-lanceolate teeth, a 4-celled pistil with a single style, and 5 stamens. The hairy pedicels are shorter than the flowers (about 1/8" in length). The corolla has a small cup-like or funnel shape and it lacks a yellow center. The blooming period occurs from late-spring into the summer and can last several months. Each flower is replaced by 4 small nutlets. This plant spreads by reseeding itself. It can form loose colonies of plants in open areas.
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© John Hilty

Source: Illinois Wildflowers

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Distribution

Range and Habitat in Illinois

This weedy plant is widely scattered in Illinois and uncommon (see Distribution Map). It is more common in the northeast and eastern Great Lakes region. Small-Flowered Forget-Me-Not was accidentally introduced from Eurasia. Habitats include campgrounds and picnic areas in parks, sandy lawns, fields, and waste areas. Disturbed areas are strongly preferred.
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© John Hilty

Source: Illinois Wildflowers

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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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© NatureServe

Source: NatureServe

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Distribution: N. Africa, Europe, Turkey, Syria, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, Kashmir, N.W. India.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Annual herb up to 30 cm tall. Stems several to many, branched, covered with spreading unequal hairs up to 0.5 mm long. Basal leaves 10-30 x 4-8 mm, oblong to obspathulate, covered on both surfaces with suberect hairs up to 1 mm long. Upper cauline leaves smaller, ovate-lanceolate; upper surface more densely hairy than lower ones. Inflorescence up to 18 cm in fruit, lax. Pedicel up to 2.5 mm long in fruit, not reflexed. Calyx c. 2 mm half cleft in to linear-lanceolate lobes, basal part with slender suberect uncinate hairs, intermixed with short appressed hairs, those on the lobes appressed. Corolla blue, limb 2-3 mm broad, with spreading lobes. Nutlets ± ovate, 1.4 mm long, smooth, shiny, light brown, areola minute.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Ecology

Habitat

Range and Habitat in Illinois

This weedy plant is widely scattered in Illinois and uncommon (see Distribution Map). It is more common in the northeast and eastern Great Lakes region. Small-Flowered Forget-Me-Not was accidentally introduced from Eurasia. Habitats include campgrounds and picnic areas in parks, sandy lawns, fields, and waste areas. Disturbed areas are strongly preferred.
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© John Hilty

Source: Illinois Wildflowers

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Associations

Faunal Associations

Little is known about the floral-faunal relationships of this plant and similar species. Small bees and flies probably seek nectar from the flowers, although the latter are capable of self-pollination in their absence. The flea beetle Longitarsus melanurus feeds on this species and other members of the Borage family. The foliage probably isn't toxic, therefore it may be eaten occasionally by rabbits and other mammalian herbivores. Photographic Location
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© John Hilty

Source: Illinois Wildflowers

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flower/Fruit

Fl. Per.: May-June.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

Source: Missouri Botanical Garden

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Myosotis stricta

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Myosotis stricta

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 3
Specimens with Barcodes: 3
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

Cultivation

Small-Flowered Forget-Me-Not can be found in full sun to light shade, mesic to dry conditions, and loamy or sandy soil (especially the latter). Where ground vegetation is sparse, it can reseed itself aggressively.
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© John Hilty

Source: Illinois Wildflowers

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Wikipedia

Myosotis stricta

Myosotis stricta is a plant species of the genus Myosotis. Commonly known as Blue scorpion grass.

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Notes

Comments

To be expected in the northern areas of Pakistan. Perhaps overlooked. Found from 2100-3000 m.
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© Missouri Botanical Garden, 4344 Shaw Boulevard, St. Louis, MO, 63110 USA

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