Habitat & Distribution
adult of Donacia crassipes grazes on leaf (upper surface) of Nuphar lutea
Remarks: season: end 5-7(-8)
Foodplant / feeds on
adult of Donacia dentata feeds on pollen? of Nuphar lutea
Remarks: season: (3-)5-8
Foodplant / feeds on
adult of Donacia sparganii feeds on pollen of Nuphar lutea
Remarks: Other: uncertain
Foodplant / open feeder
adult of Galerucella nymphaeae grazes on live leaf of Nuphar lutea
In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / miner
often gregarious larva of Hydromyza livens mines live leaf of Nuphar lutea
Remarks: season: summer
Other: major host/prey
Plant / resting place / on
adult of Plateumaris sericea may be found on flower of Nuphar lutea
Remarks: season: (1-)6(-12)
Life History and Behavior
Molecular Biology and Genetics
Barcode data: Nuphar lutea
Statistics of barcoding coverage: Nuphar lutea
Public Records: 6
Specimens with Barcodes: 8
Species With Barcodes: 1
This aquatic plant grows in shallow water and wetlands, with its roots in the sediment and its leaves floating on the water surface; it can grow in water up to 5 metres deep. It is usually found in shallower water than the white water lily, and often in beaver ponds. Since the flooded soils are deficient in oxygen, aerenchyma in the leaves and rhizome transport oxygen to the rhizome. Often there is mass flow from the young leaves into the rhizome, and out through the older leaves. The rhizomes are often consumed by muskrats. The flower is solitary, terminal, held above the water surface; it is hermaphrodite, 2–4 cm diameter, with five or six large bright yellow sepals and numerous small yellow petals largely concealed by the sepals. Flowering is from June to September, and pollination is entomophilous, by flies attracted to the alcoholic scent. The flower is followed by a green bottle-shaped fruit, containing numerous seeds which are dispersed by water currents. The species is less tolerant of water pollution than water-lilies in the genus Nymphaea.
Some botanists have treated Nuphar lutea as the sole species in Nuphar, including all the other species in it as subspecies and giving the species a holarctic range, but the genus is now more usually divided into eight species (see Nuphar for details).
- Flora Europaea: Nuphar lutea
- USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network: Nuphar lutea
- Blamey, M. & Grey-Wilson, C. (1989). Flora of Britain and Northern Europe. ISBN 0-340-40170-2
- Dacey, J. W. H. (1981). Pressurized ventilation in the yellow water lily. Ecology, 62, 1137–47.
- Beal, E. O. (1956). Taxonomic revision of the genus Nuphar Sm. of North America and Europe. Journal of the Elisha Mitchell Scientific Society 72: 317–346.
- "Plants Profile: Nuphar lutea". Natural Resources Conservation Service. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved 13 April 2010.
- USDA Germplasm Resources Information Network: Nuphar
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Names and Taxonomy
Comments: The taxonomic classification of the yellow pond-lilies (Nuphar) is currently unsettled; see the discussion by Wiersema and Hellquist (Flora of North America, vol. 3, 1997). Nuphar lutea was named from Europe, and is considered by some, including Beal (1956, J. Elisha Mitchell Sci. Soc. 72: 317-346) and Kartesz (checklist, 1994, and review draft checklist 8/98) to include as subspecies several North American taxa. On the other hand, the North American plants are often treated as several species instead (as by Wiersema and Hellquist in FNA). Appropriate nomenclatural combinations have not been made to allow treatment of the North American plants as subspecies of a North American species (excluding the European species Nuphar lutea). The Kartesz treatment is followed here, with synonymy provided for the names in FNA. Also, the gender of the generic name Nuphar has been debated; although often treated as neuter, it is considered feminine, with endings of scientific names corrected as needed. As treated here, Nuphar lutea ssp. lutea is a plant of Europe, Asia eastward to Manchuria and central Siberia, and southward to Algeria, Palestine, and Iran.
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