The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • Anonymous. Accessed February 14, 2012. Passiflora incarnata. Wikipedia.
  • Balick, M. J., M. H. Nee & D.E. Atha. 2000. Checklist of the vascular plants of Belize. Mem. New York Bot. Gard. 85: i–ix, 1–246.
  • Bremness, L. 1994. Herbs, Dorling Kindersley Limited, London, Great Britain.
  • Cindy. February 28, 2010. Passion Vine (Passiflora incarnata). Ozark Edge Wildflowers.
  • Correll, D. S. & M. C. Johnston. 1970. Man. Vasc. Pl. Texas i–xv, 1–1881. The University of Texas at Dallas, Richardson.
  • Dejey, M. 1975. Health Plants of the World: Atlas of Medicinal Plants, Newsweek, Inc., New York, NY, USA.
  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
  • Gleason, H. A. & A.J. Cronquist. 1991. Man. Vasc. Pl. N.E. U.S. (ed. 2) i–910. New York Botanical Garden, Bronx.
  • Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Fl. Great Plains i–vii, 1–1392. University Press of Kansas, Lawrence.
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2015. Insect Visitors of Illinois Wildflowers.  World Wide Web electronic publication., version (09/2015) 
    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
  • Killip, E. P. 1938. The American species of Passifloraceae [concl.]. Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 19(2): 333–613.
  • Linnaeus, C. v. 1753. Passiflora ruba y Passiflora capsularis. 2: 955–960. In C. v. Linnaeus Sp. Pl. Imprensis Laurentii Salvii, Holmiae.
  • Long, R. W. & O. K. Lakela. 1971. Fl. Trop. Florida i–xvii, 1–962. University of Miami Press, Coral Cables.
  • Masters, M. T. 1872. Passifloraceae. 13(1): 529–628,. In C. F. P. von Martius (ed.) Fl. Bras. F. Fleischer, Monachii & Lipsiae.
  • Muschner, V.C., 2003. A first molecular phylogenetic analysis of Passiflora (Passifloraceae). American Journal of Botany 90: 1229-1238.
  • Nasir, E. & S. I. Ali (eds). 1980-2005. Fl. Pakistan Univ. of Karachi, Karachi.
  • Nyerges, C. 1999. Guide to wild foods and useful plants, Chicago Review Press, Inc., Chicago, IL, USA.
  • Orick, D. August 15, 2008. Purple Passionflower. USDA.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Passifloraceae of North America Update
  • Perrier de la Bathie, H. 1945. Passifloracees. Fl. Madagasc. 143: 1–48.
  • Radford, A. E., H. E. Ahles & C. R. Bell. 1968. Man. Vasc. Fl. Carolinas i–lxi, 1–1183. University of North Carolina Press, Chapel Hill.
  • Small, J. K. 1933. Man. S.E. Fl. i–xxii, 1–1554. Published by the Author, New York.
  • Species Plantarum 2: 959. 1753. (1 May 1753) (Sp. Pl.)
  • Wunderlin, R. P. 1998. Guide Vasc. Pl. Florida i–x, 1–806. University Press of Florida, Gainesville.


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