Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Littorina fabalis (Turton, 1825) Preferred
Litorina limata Lovén, 1846 Synonym
Litorina arctica retusa Møller, 1842
Litorina vittata Philippi, 1848
Littorina fabula Kobelt, 1907
Littorina obtusata littoralis var. inversicolorreticulata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915
Littorina mariae beeensis S.M. Smith in Fretter & Graham, 1980
Littorina obtusata littoralis var. minima Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915
Littorina beanii MacGillivray, 1843
Littorina obtusata littoralis var. ziczac Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915
Littorina obtusata littoralis var. pachychila Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915
Littorina vadorum Sacchi, 1954
Turbo fabalis Turton 1825
Littorina obtusata littoralis var. reticulata Dautzenberg & P. Fisher, 1915


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