Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Small to medium sized tree. Trunk typically light grey with characteristic bands of darker lenticels. Leaves alternate more or less obovate, shiny green. Flowers in terminal clusters, small greenish-white to cream. The fruit capsules typically split open while still on the tree, revealing the bright orange, sticky covering of the seeds.
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Derivation of specific name

viridiflorum : green-flowered
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Miscellaneous Details

"Notes: Western Ghats & Eastern Ghats, Moist Deciduous Forests"
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Brief

Flowering class: Dicot Habit: Shrub to Small Tree
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Botanical Description

Bole: Straight. Medium. To 20 m. Bark: Pale to dark grey/brownish. Smooth. Slash: Whitish. Scented. Leaf: Simple. Alternate. Crowded at ends of branches. Petiole: 0.5 - 2 cm. Lamina: Small/medium. 5 - 18 × 2 - 4.5 cm. Ovate/oblong/lanceolate. Cuneate. Rounded/acuminate. Entire. Hairy/glabrous. Domatia: Absent. Glands: Absent. Stipules: Absent. Thorns & Spines: Absent. Flower: Infloresence terminal/axillary panicle. Hermaphrodite. Flowers small; greenish-white to cream; sweetly scented. Fruit: Capsule 0.6 - 0.8 cm in diameter.
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Distribution

Worldwide distribution

From Ethiopia and Sudan south to S Africa, Arabia, Madagascar and S India
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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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"
Global Distribution

India, Pakistan, Nepal, Bhutan, China and Madagascar

Indian distribution

State - Kerala, District/s: Idukki

"
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"Karnataka: Belgaum, Hassan, Mysore, N. Kanara Kerala: Idukki Tamil Nadu: Coimbatore, Dharmapuri, Dindigul, Namakkal, Nilgiri, Salem, Theni, Vellore, Viluppuram, Virudhunagar"
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Eastern Arc Mountains; Lake Malawi region; Lake Tanganyika region; Lake Victoria region; Madagascar; northern Tanzania; southern Africa; southern India; tropical Africa
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SE Xizang, W Yunnan [Bangladesh, Bhutan, N India, ?Myanmar, Nepal, N Pakistan, Sikkim].
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Himalaya (Punjab in Bhutan), Assam, S. Tibet, Burma.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Elevation Range

1300-1500 m
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Description

Shrubs or small trees. Young branchlets brown, lenticellate. Leaves clustered at branchlet apex, biennial; petiole stout, 1–2 cm or more; leaf blade dark brown adaxially after drying, oblong or oblong-lanceolate, 8–20 × 4–8 cm, thickly leathery, glabrous abaxially, lateral veins convex adaxially, base cuneate, margin flat, reflexed afer drying, apex acute or acuminate. Inflorescences terminal, paniculate or compoundly corymbose-paniculate, usually brown pubescent; pedicels 7–10 mm. Sepals slightly connate at base, ovate, 2–3 mm, glabrous or margin ciliate. Petals narrowly oblong, 5–6 mm. Stamens ca. 4 mm. Ovary ca. 2 mm, pubescent. Style ca. 1 mm, glabrous; stigmas capitate. Capsule globose, 6–7 mm in diam., dehiscing by 2 valves; pericarp orbicular, thin, horizontally striate adaxially; placentas at base of valves. Seeds 4–8, 2–3 mm in diam; funicle very short. Fl. Mar–May, fr. May–Nov.
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

"Small trees; branchlets terete, lenticellate, pubescent. Leaves fascicled, 8-16 x 3-4 cm, cuneate, oblong-lanceolate, apex acute or slightly acuminate, glabrous; petiole to 2 cm. Corymbs terminal, much branched, to 11 cm long, pubescent; flowers white; sepals 1-1.25 mm, ovate, margin ciliate; petals 6 x 2 mm, oblong, basally united, recurved; stamens free, yellow, 4 mm long; ovary 1-5 celled, ovate, pubescent; style 1, stigma 2-5-lobed."
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Diagnostic

Habit: Shrub or Small Tree
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Synonym

Senacia napaulensis de Candolle, Prodr. 1: 347. 1824; Celastrus verticillatus Roxburgh (1824), not Ruiz & Pavón (1802); Pittosporum floribundum Wight & Arnott ex Royle (Jun 1834), not Wight & Arnott (Oct 1834); P. napaulense var. rawalpindiense Gowda; P. verticillatum Wallich.
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Ecology

Habitat

General Habitat

Moist deciduous and shola forests
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Forests, thickets; 400--2000 m.
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Population Biology

Frequency

Common
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering and fruiting: February-April
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Pittosporum viridiflorum

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Pittosporum viridiflorum

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 6
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Benefits

firewood; tools; utensils; household; ornamental; dye
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Wikipedia

Pittosporum viridiflorum

Pittosporum viridiflorum (Cheesewood, Afrikaans: Kasuur, Sotho: Kgalagangwe, Xhosa: Umkhwenkwe, Zulu: Umfusamvu) is a protected tree in South Africa.[1]

See also[edit]

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Notes

Comments

Pittosporum napaulense var. rawalpindiense was described from Bhutan, N India, N Pakistan, and Sikkim, and was distinguished from var. napaulense by having leaf blades lanceolate, long acuminate at the apex, and capsules only 4-seeded. It seems to be only an extreme state of P. napaulense.
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