Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is found from the Gulf of California to northern Colombia, including the Galapagos and the Revillagigedo Islands (Tenorio et al. 2012).
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Range Description

This species occurs off the coast of Baja California, Mexico, Gulf of California, south to Northern Peru including the Galapagos islands (Paredes et al. 2010, Tenorio et al. 2012).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is found from 5-160 m over rocky bottom substrates and sandy rubble. Once adult it can reach a size of 40 mm (Paredes et al. 2010).

Systems
  • Marine
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Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species occurs at depths of 0 to 200 m on sandy and muddy substrates (Paredes et al. 2010, Tenorio et al. 2012). Shells of this species can grow to 162 mm in length (www.schnr-specimen-shells.com) but will typically be less than this.

Systems
  • Marine
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Tenorio, M.J.

Reviewer/s
Coltro, J., Peters, H. & Petuch, E.

Contributor/s

Justification

This species is found from the Gulf of California to northern Colombia, including the Galapagos and the Revillagigedo Islands. This species has a wide distribution, and while it is considered to be uncommon and not readily available in the market, it is not considered to be threatened as it is not over gathered, is only accessible from trawls and not regularly collected. The distribution of this species overlaps marine protected areas. This species is listed as Least Concern.

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IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Tenorio, M.J.

Reviewer/s
Coltro, J., Peters, H. & Petuch, E.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species occurs off the coast of Baja California, Mexico, Gulf of California, south to Northern Peru including the Galapagos islands (Paredes et al. 2010, Tenorio et al. 2012). This species is wide ranging with a wide depth zone and currently has no known threats to its population. This species is listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
There are no population data available in the literature for this species. This is an uncommon species, which is most easily found in the Sea of Cortez.
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Population

Population
There are no population data available in the literature for this species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no major threats known to affect this species.
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Major Threats
There are no known threats to this species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions

The range of this species overlaps marine protected areas.

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Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.
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Wikipedia

Conus xanthicus

Conus xanthicus is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[1]

These snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Contents

Description

Distribution

References

  1. ^ a b Conus xanthicus Dall, 1910.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 27 March 2010.
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Conus fergusoni

Specimen of Conus fergusoni with periostracum still intact.

Conus fergusoni, common name the Ferguson's cone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[2]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Contents

Description

The size of an adult shell varies between 60 mm and 150 mm. The heavy shell has a slightly channeled spire. The white shell is lightly striolate transversely and is covered under a brown epidermis.[3]

Distribution

This species occurs in the Pacific Ocean along the Galapagos Islands and the from the Sea of Cortez to Peru.

References

  1. ^ Sowerby (iii), G. B. III, 1873. Descriptions of five new Cones. Proceedings of the Zoological Society of London: 145 -146
  2. ^ a b Conus fergusoni G. B. Sowerby II, 1873.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 21 July 2011.
  3. ^ George Washington Tryon, Manual of Conchology vol. VI, p. 15; 1879
  • Filmer R.M. (2001). A Catalogue of Nomenclature and Taxonomy in the Living Conidae 1758 - 1998. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. 388pp.
  • Tucker J.K. (2009). Recent cone species database. September 4, 2009 Edition
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