Ecology

Habitat

Depth range based on 4 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 3 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 43 - 640
  Temperature range (°C): 24.233 - 26.467
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.699 - 2.736
  Salinity (PPS): 36.145 - 36.356
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.390 - 4.521
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.169 - 0.299
  Silicate (umol/l): 2.001 - 3.104

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 43 - 640

Temperature range (°C): 24.233 - 26.467

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.699 - 2.736

Salinity (PPS): 36.145 - 36.356

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.390 - 4.521

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.169 - 0.299

Silicate (umol/l): 2.001 - 3.104
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Erosaria spurca

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 4 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.

Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.

See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

ACCCTATATATTTTATTTGGTATATGATCAGGACTGGTTGGTACGGCTCTC---AGACTACTAATTCGAGCAGAGCTGGGGCAGCCAGGAGCCCTCCTAGGAGAC---GATCAATTATATAATGTAATTGTAACTGCTCATGCTTTTGTTATAATTTTCTTTTTAGTAATGCCTATAATAATTGGAGGATTTGGGAATTGACTAGTTCCATTAATG---TTAGGAGCCCCAGACATAGCCTTTCCTCGTTTAAATAATATAAGCTTTTGACTCCTTCCTCCTGCCCTACTTCTGCTTCTTTCCTCAGCAGCGGTTGAAAGGGGAGTAGGAACAGGATGAACTGTTTACCCACCTTTAGCAGGAAACATTGCCCATGCCGGGGGATCGGTAGACCTA---GCCATTTTCTCGCTTCATCTGGCAGGTGTCTCATCTATTTTAGGGGCCGTAAACTTCATTACAACCATTATTAATATACGATGACGAGGTATACAGTTTGAACGACTTCCTCTATTTGTATGATCTGTAAAAATTACTGCCATTTTACTTCTTTTATCCCTGCCAGTTTTAGCTGGG---GCTATTACTATGTTGCTAACAGATCGAAATTTTAATACTGCCTTCTTCGACCCAGCGGGAGGTGGAGACCCTATTCTATATCAACACTTA------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------TTC
-- end --

Download FASTA File

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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Erosaria spurca

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 4
Specimens with Barcodes: 4
Species With Barcodes: 1
Creative Commons Attribution 3.0 (CC BY 3.0)

© Barcode of Life Data Systems

Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Wikipedia

Erosaria spurca

Erosaria spurca, common name the dirty cowry, is a species of sea snail, a cowry, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Cypraeidae, the cowries.[1]

Description[edit]

The shells of these very common cowries reach on average 23–28 millimetres (0.91–1.10 in) of length, with a minimum size of 12 millimetres (0.47 in) and a maximum size of 39 millimetres (1.5 in). They are very variable in pattern and colour. The surface is smooth and shiny, the dorsum basic color is whitish or yellowish, with a variegated orange-brown, yellow ocher or reddish indistinct spotting on the dorsum. The yellowish margins are crenulated or bordered by a series of dimples. The base is whitish or cream, sometimes with shades of orange and some dark spots near the edge, while the teeth are usually large and white. In the living cowries the mantle is greyish, with quite long tree-shaped sensorial papillae.

Shell of Erosaria spurca from Lampedusa Island, lateral view
Shell of Erosaria spurca from Lampedusa Island, apertural view

Distribution[edit]

Erosaria spurca occurs in the central and southern Mediterranean Sea (southern Italy, Crete, Malta, Lampedusa Island, etc.), in the Red Sea (introduced) and in the eastern Atlantic Ocean along the West African coast (from Morocco to Angola, including Ascension Island, Canaries and Cape Verde Islands).

Habitat[edit]

These cowries commonly live at 2–20 metres (6 ft 7 in–65 ft 7 in) of depth, but they can also be found in deeper waters up to 50 metres (160 ft). During the day they are usually hidden under rocks, in crevices or in underwater meadows of Posidonia oceanica, as they start feeding at dusk.

Subspecies[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758). Gofas, S. (2009). Erosaria spurca (Linnaeus, 1758). In: Bouchet, P.; Gofas, S.; Rosenberg, G. World Marine Mollusca database. Accessed through the World Register of Marine Species at http://www.marinespecies.org/aphia.php?p=taxdetails&id=139497 on 5 June 2010.
  • Repetto G., Orlando F. & Arduino G. (2005): Conchiglie del Mediterraneo, Amici del Museo "Federico Eusebio", Alba, Italy
  • Prats Pi, L. (2002): Gastròpodes marins de la cala de Binissafúller, Menorca (Illes Balears)
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