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Overview

Comprehensive Description

Miscellaneous Details

"Notes: Plains to High elevations, Cultivated, Native of Africa"
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Description

Shrub, sometimes semi-climbing, up to 2 (-4) m. Leaves obovate or elliptic, glabrous above, bearing scales beneath; apex obtuse and mucronate. Peduncles bearing dense short white hairs. Calyx with short white hairs and in addition stalked glands in upper part. Corolla pale blue; lobes obtuse.
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© Mark Hyde, Bart Wursten and Petra Ballings

Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Derivation of specific name

auriculata: with ear-like lobes, auriculate
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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"Maharashtra: Pune, Satara, Thane Karnataka: Mysore Tamil Nadu: All districts"
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introduced; Fla.; s Africa.
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Worldwide distribution

Confined to S Africa, occurring from Gauteng and Mpumalanga to the Eastern and Western Cape; widely cultivated elsewhere
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Distribution: Cultivated in W. Pakistan. Indigenous to S. Africa.
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S. Africa (Cape Province); cultivated in Nepal and elsewhere.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Plants evergreen shrubs. Stems erect, trailing, or climbing, diffusely branched, to 3+ m, glabrous or pubescent on youngest shoots. Leaves usually sessile, sometimes short-petiolate; blade elliptic, oblanceolate, or spatulate, (1-)2.5-9 × 0.5-2.5 cm, base usually long-attenuate, sometimes auriculate, apex acute or obtuse, mucronate. Inflorescences 2.5-3(-5) cm, rachises short-pilose (hairs ca. 0.1 mm), eglandular; floral bracts lanceolate, 3-9 × 1-2 mm. Flowers 3-stylous; calyx 10-13 mm, tube usually short-pilose and with stalked, capitate, glandlike protuberances ca. 1 mm along distal 1/ 3/ 4 of ribs; corolla pale blue, 37-53 mm, tube 28-40 mm (more than 2 times length of calyx), lobes 10-16 × 6-15 mm; stamens included or exserted. Capsules 8 mm. Seeds brown, 7 mm. 2n = 14 + 0-1B.
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Description

A semi-climbing shrub, often diffusely branched, glabrous except the inflorescence. Leaves elliptic to elliptic-spathulate or elliptic-ovate, 3-7 cm long, obtuse and shortly mucronate, tapering into a short petiole. Flowers in compact panicle. Bracts ovate-mucronate. Calyx tubular, 2-3 times shorter than the corolla, finely pubescent with stalked glands on the upper part, limb 5-fid. Corolla gamopetalous, tube 2 cm long; limb usually blue, 5-lobed.
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Elevation Range

1000 m
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Diagnostic Description

Diagnostic

Habit: Climber
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Synonym

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Ecology

Habitat

Hummocks, thickets, dis-turbed sites in dry soil; 0-50m.
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Associations

Insects whose larvae eat this plant species

Leptotes group (Blues)
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Source: Flora of Zimbabwe

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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Flowering/Fruiting

Flowering year-round.
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Flower/Fruit

Fl.Per.: July-October.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Plumbago auriculata

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Source: Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLD)

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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Plumbago auriculata

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 10
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Plumbago capensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 11
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Wikipedia

Plumbago auriculata

Plumbago auriculata (common names blue plumbago, Cape plumbago or Cape leadwort), syn. P. capensis, is a species of flowering plant in the family Plumbaginaceae, native to South Africa.[1][2]

It is an evergreen shrub, often grown as a climber, ascending rapidly to 6 m (20 ft) tall by 3 m (10 ft) wide in nature, though much smaller when cultivated as a houseplant.[3] It has light blue to blue flowers and also variations with white (P. auriculata var. alba) or deep blue (P. auriculata 'Royal cape') flowers. The leaves are a glossy green and grow to 5 cm (2 in) long.[2][1] Plumbago grow best in full sun to part shade.

The specific epithet auriculata means "with ears", referring to the shape of the leaves.[4]

In temperate regions it may be grown outside in frost free areas, otherwise under glass. The species[5] and the white-flowered form P. auriculata f. alba[6] have both gained the Royal Horticultural Society's Award of Garden Merit.

References [edit]

  1. ^ a b "Botanica. The Illustrated AZ of over 10000 garden plants and how to cultivate them", p 691. Könemann, 2004. ISBN 3-8331-1253-0
  2. ^ a b Nico Vermeulen:"The Complete Encyclopedia of Container Plants", p. 216. Rebo International, Netherlands, 1998. ISBN 90-366-1584-4
  3. ^ RHS A-Z encyclopedia of garden plants. United Kingdom: Dorling Kindersley. 2008. p. 1136. ISBN 1405332964. 
  4. ^ Harrison, Lorraine (2012). RHS Latin for gardeners. United Kingdom: Mitchell Beazley. p. 224. ISBN 9781845337315. 
  5. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Plumbago auriculata". Retrieved 28 May 2013. 
  6. ^ "RHS Plant Selector - Plumbago auriculata f. alba". Retrieved 28 May 2013. 
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Notes

Comments

Plumbago auriculata is frequently cultivated in Mediterranean-type warmer climates, especially in California, Arizona, and Texas.
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