The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1. Abbott, John D.; Gough, R. E. 1987. Growth and survival of the highbush blueberry in response to root zone flooding. Journal of the American Society for Horticultural Science. 112(4): 603-608. [9850]
  • 11. LeBlanc, Cheryl M.; Leopold, Donald J. 1992. Demography and age structure of a central New York shrub-carr 94 years after fire. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 119(1): 50-64. [18208]
  • 12. Lynn, Les M.; Karlin, Eric F. 1985. The vegetation of the low-shrub bogs of northern New Jersey and adjacent New York: ecosystems at their southern limit. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 112(4): 436-444. [20276]
  • 13. Sampson, Arthur W.; Chase, Agnes; Hedrick, Donald W. 1951. California grasslands and range forage grasses. Bull. 724. Berkeley, CA: University of California College of Agriculture, California Agricultural Experiment Station. 125 p. [2052]
  • 14. McKinley, Carol E.; Day, Frank P., Jr. 1979. Herbaceous production in cut- burned, uncut-burned, and control areas of a Chamaecyparis thyoides (L.) BSP (Cupressaceae) stand in the Great Dismal Swamp. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 106(1): 20-28. [41796]
  • 17. Reich, Lee. 1988. Backyard blues. Organic Gardening. 35(6): 28-34. [9179]
  • 18. Rogers, Robert. 1974. Blueberries. In: Gill, John D.; Healy, William M., compilers. Shrubs and vines for northeastern wildlife. Gen. Tech. Rep. NE-9. Upper Darby, PA: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Northeastern Forest Experiment Station: 12-15. [14073]
  • 19. Saunders, Paul R.; Smathers, Garrett A.; Ramseur, George S. 1983. Secondary succession of a spruce-fir burn in the Plott Balsam Mountains, North Carolina. Castanea. 48(1): 41-47. [8658]
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2. Camp, W. H. 1945. The North American blueberries with notes on other groups of Vacciniaceae. Brittonia. 5(3): 203-275. [9515]
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 21. Stushnoff, Cecil; Hough, L. Fredric. 1968. Response of blueberry seed germination to temperature, light, potassium nitrate and coumarin. Proceedings of the American Society for Horticultural Science. 93: 260-266. [18679]
  • 22. Taft, John B.; Solecki, Mary Kay. 1990. Vascular flora of the wetland and prairie communities of Gavin Bog and Prairie Nature Preserve, Lake County, Illinois. Rhodora. 92(871): 142-165. [14522]
  • 24. Vander Kloet, S. P. 1980. The taxonomy of the highbush blueberry, Vaccinium corymbosum. Canadian Journal of Botany. 58: 1187-1201. [20278]
  • 25. Vander Kloet, S. P. 1982. A note on the occurrence of root-shoots in Vaccinium corymbosum L. Rhodora. 84: 447-450. [20279]
  • 26. Vander Kloet, S. P. 1988. The genus Vaccinium in North America. Publication 1828. Ottawa: Research Branch, Agriculture Canada. 201 p. [11436]
  • 27. Vander Kloet, S. P.; Austin-Smith, P. J. 1986. Energetics, patterns and timing of seed dispersal in Vaccinium section Cyanococcus. American Midland Naturalist. 115: 386-396. [12523]
  • 28. Whittaker, R. H. 1956. Vegetation of the Great Smoky Mountains. Ecological Monographs. 26(1): 1-79. [11108]
  • 29. Crouch, P. A.; Vander Koet, S. P. 1980. Variation in seed characters of Vaccinium subsection Cyanococcus (the blueberries) in relation to latitude. Canadian Journal of Botany. 58: 84-90. [20274]
  • 3. Damman, Antoni W. H.; French, Thomas W. 1987. The ecology of peat bogs of the glaciated northeastern United States: a community profile. Biological Report 85(7.16). Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service, Research and Development, National Wetlands Research Center. 100 p. [9238]
  • 4. Dunlop, D. A. 1987. Community classification of the vascular vegetation of a New Hampshire peatland. Rhodora. 89(860): 415-440. [20275]
  • 7. Godfrey, Robert K. 1988. Trees, shrubs, and woody vines of northern Florida and adjacent Georgia and Alabama. Athens, GA: The University of Georgia Press. 734 p. [10239]
  • 8. Hancock, James F.; Draper, Arlen D. 1989. Blueberry culture in North America. HortScience. 24(4): 551-556. [9513]
  • 9. Krefting, Laurits W.; Roe, Eugene I. 1949. The role of some birds and mammals in seed germination. Ecological Monographs. 19(3): 269-286. [8847]
  • Bailey, L.H., E.Z. Bailey, and the L.H. Bailey Hortatorium. 1976. Hortus Third: A concise dictionary of plants cultivated in the United States and Canada. New York: Macmillan. p. 1129.
  • Ericaceae of North America Update
  • FAOSTAT. 2012. Searchable online statistical database from Food and Agriculture Division of the United Nations. Retrieved 10 July 2012 from
  • Flora of North America. 2012 45. Vaccinium Linnaeus, Sp. Pl. 1: 349. 1753; Gen. Pl. ed. 5, 166. 1754.Flora of North America8: 515. Accessed 12 July 2012 online:
  • Hedrick, U.P., ed. 1919. Sturtevant’s Notes on Edible Plants. State of New York. Dept of Agriculture. 27th annual report, vol. 2, part II. Albany, NY: J.B. Lyon Co. pp. 585–588.
  • Hilty, J. Editor. 2014. Illinois Wildflowers. World Wide Web electronic publication., version 06/2014.
    See: Botanical Terminology and Line DrawingsEcological TerminologyWebsite DescriptionLinks to Other WebsitesReference Materials
  • Isolectotype: Small, J. K. 1903. Fl. S.E. U.S. 896, 1336.; Uttal, L. J. 1986. Sida. 11: 397.
  • Isosyntype: Mackenzie, K. K. 1910. Torreya. 10: 230.
  • Isotype: Gray, A. 1842. Amer. J. Sci. Arts ser. 2. 42: 42.
  • Martin, A.C., H.S. Zim, and A.L. Nelson. 1951. American wildlife & plants a guide to wildlife food habits: the use of trees, shrubs, weeds, and herbs by birds and mammals of the United States. Prepared for U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service, U.S. Dept. of Interior. New York: Dover. pp. 356–358.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • Thornhill, Robert, Krings, Alexander, Lindbo, David, Stucky, Jon (2014): Guide to the Vascular Flora of the Savannas and Flatwoods of Shaken Creek Preserve and Vicinity (Pender & Onslow Counties, North Carolina, U. S. A.). Biodiversity Data Journal 2, 1099: 1099-1099, URL:
  • USDA. 2012. U.S. Blueberry Industry. Economics, Statistics, and Market Information System, Economic Research Service, U.S. Department of Agriculture. Accessed 12 July 2012 online from
  • van Wyk, B.-E. 2005. “Vaccinium corymbosum” “Vaccinium macrocarpon,” and “Vaccinium myrtillus.” Food Plants of the World: An Illustrated Guide. Portland, OR: Timber Press. p. 373–375.


EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!