Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

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Global Range: Current range: Island of Hawaii; historically no additional range.

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Physical Description

Type Information

Isotype for Trematolobelia macrostachys var. grandifolia Rock
Catalog Number: US 1050633
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): R. Hoswer
Year Collected: 1909
Locality: Kohala Mts., Hawaii, Hawai`i, United States, Hawaiian Archipelago, Pacific Islands
  • Isotype: Rock, J. F. 1913. Coll. Hawaii Publ. Bull. 2: 46.
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Source: National Museum of Natural History Collections

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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Wet forests and shrublands.

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Population Biology

Number of Occurrences

Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.

Estimated Number of Occurrences: 1 - 5

Comments: 3 CURRENT AND 10 HISTORICAL OCCURRENCES.

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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: N2 - Imperiled

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G2 - Imperiled

Reasons: Endemic to the eastern side of the island of Hawaii. The status of this species is somewhat unclear, but it is thought that it may number under 1,000 individuals. It is threatened by feral pigs and alien plants.

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Threats

Comments: Threats unknown.

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Management

Biological Research Needs: Population biology and ecology. Also, exact locations and sizes of currently known occurrences.

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Names and Taxonomy

Taxonomy

Comments: Genus endemic to Hawaiian Islands, species endemic to Island of Hawaii.

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