Regularity: Regularly occurring
Global Range: Current range: Island of Hawaii; historically no additional range.
Catalog Number: US 1050633
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): R. Hoswer
Year Collected: 1909
Locality: Kohala Mts., Hawaii, Hawai`i, United States, Hawaiian Archipelago, Pacific Islands
Comments: Wet forests and shrublands.
Number of Occurrences
Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.
Estimated Number of Occurrences: 1 - 5
Comments: 3 CURRENT AND 10 HISTORICAL OCCURRENCES.
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: N2 - Imperiled
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: G2 - Imperiled
Reasons: Endemic to the eastern side of the island of Hawaii. The status of this species is somewhat unclear, but it is thought that it may number under 1,000 individuals. It is threatened by feral pigs and alien plants.
Comments: Threats unknown.
Biological Research Needs: Population biology and ecology. Also, exact locations and sizes of currently known occurrences.
Names and Taxonomy
Comments: Genus endemic to Hawaiian Islands, species endemic to Island of Hawaii.
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