Overview

Distribution

Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma pringlei B.L. Rob.:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma palmeri Rose:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Hisingera puberula Schltdl. & Cham.:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma nitida (Hell.) A. Gray ex Griseb.:
Venezuela (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
  • Hokche, O., P. E. Berry & O. Huber. 2008. 1–860. In O. Hokche, P. E. Berry & O. Huber Nuevo Cat. Fl. Vasc. Venezuela. Fundación Instituto Botánico de Venezuela, Caracas.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1033110 External link.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma lanceolata Turcz.:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Hisingera paliurus Clos:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma celastrina (Kunth) Gilg:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Hisingera cinerea Clos:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Prockia obovata C. Presl:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma elliptica (Clos) Hemsl.:
Bolivia (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma prockia (Turcz.) Turcz.:
Brazil (South America)
Peru (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma elliptica Tul.:
Tanzania (Africa & Madagascar)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma celastrina (Kunth) Standl. & Steyerm.:
Belize (Mesoamerica)
Guatemala (Mesoamerica)
Honduras (Mesoamerica)
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Hisingera elliptica Clos:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Flacourtia flexuosa Kunth:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma panamensis Turcz.:
Costa Rica (Mesoamerica)
El Salvador (Mesoamerica)
Guatemala (Mesoamerica)
Mexico (Mesoamerica)
Panama (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma flexuosa (Kunth) Hemsl.:
Belize (Mesoamerica)
Colombia (South America)
Costa Rica (Mesoamerica)
El Salvador (Mesoamerica)
Guatemala (Mesoamerica)
Honduras (Mesoamerica)
Mexico (Mesoamerica)
Nicaragua (Mesoamerica)
Panama (Mesoamerica)
United States (North America)
Venezuela (South America)
Caribbean (Caribbean)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma pilosa J.F. Macbr.:
Peru (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma digyna Eichler:
Brazil (South America)
Peru (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma armata J.F. Macbr.:
Peru (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Flacourtia benthamii Tul.:
Colombia (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma benthamii (Tul.) Triana & Planch.:
Brazil (South America)
Colombia (South America)
Ecuador (South America)
French Guiana (South America)
Guyana (South America)
Peru (South America)
Suriname (South America)
Venezuela (South America)
Bolivia (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma sessilis Standl. & Steyerm.:
Guatemala (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma salzmannii (Clos) Eichler:
Brazil (South America)
Peru (South America)
Uruguay (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma paliura (Clos) Briq.:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma elliptica Kuntze:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma cinerea (Clos) Hemsl.:
Costa Rica (Mesoamerica)
Mexico (Mesoamerica)
Panama (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Xylosma anisophylla Standl.:
Belize (Mesoamerica)
Guatemala (Mesoamerica)
Honduras (Mesoamerica)
Mexico (Mesoamerica)
Panama (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Myroxylon digymum Kuntze:
Brazil (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Myroxylon benthamii (Tul.) Kuntze:
Colombia (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Hisingera lucens Clos:
Brazil (South America)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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Localities documented in Tropicos sources

Flacourtia celastrina Kunth:
Mexico (Mesoamerica)

Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
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National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Type Information

Isotype for Xylosma anisophylla Standl.
Catalog Number: US 1587052
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): C. L. Lundell
Year Collected: 1931
Locality: Tuxpena., Campeche, Mexico, North America
  • Isotype: Standley, P. C. 1932. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 11: 135.
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Isotype for Xylosma panamensis Turcz.
Catalog Number: US 7781
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Card file verified by examination of alleged type specimen
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): A. Fendler
Year Collected: 1850
Locality: Isthmus of Panama, Chagres., Panama, Central America
  • Isotype: Turczaninow, N. S. 1863. Bull. Soc. Imp. Naturalistes Moscou. 36 (1): 554.
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Xylosma flexuosa

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 0
Specimens with Barcodes: 7
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

Reasons: Widespread from southern Texas to Panama, Venezuela, and Curacao. It occurs in a variety of habitat types including wet or dry (seasonal) forest or thickets, Pine-Oak forest, secondary growth, overgrazed land, and roadsides.

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Wikipedia

Xylosma flexuosa

Xylosma flexuosa, commonly known as Brush Holly or Coronilla,[3] is a species of flowering plant in the willow family, Salicaceae, that is native to southern North America and northern South America. Its range stretches from southern Texas in the United States south through Mexico and Central America to Venezuela. It can also be found on the island of Curaçao in the Netherlands Antilles.[2] Brush Holly is a spiny[4] evergreen[3] shrub, usually reaching a height of 1–2 m (3.3–6.6 ft)[4] but able to attain 6–8 m (20–26 ft) in height.[5] Red and yellow berries[3] around 7–8 mm (0.28–0.31 in) in diameter[5] are found on the plant throughout the year. It is sometimes cultivated as an ornamental hedge.[6]

References

  1. ^ "Xylosma flexuosa - (Kunth) Hemsl. Brush-holly". NatureServe Explorer. NatureServe. http://www.natureserve.org/explorer/servlet/NatureServe?sourceTemplate=tabular_report.wmt&loadTemplate=species_RptComprehensive.wmt&selectedReport=RptComprehensive.wmt&summaryView=tabular_report.wmt&elKey=156801&paging=home&save=true&startIndex=1&nextStartIndex=1&reset=false&offPageSelectedElKey=145681&offPageSelectedElType=species&offPageYesNo=true&post_processes=&radiobutton=radiobutton&selectedIndexes=145681&selectedIndexes=156801&selectedIndexes=154530. Retrieved 2010-02-01.
  2. ^ a b "Xylosma flexuosa (Kunth) Hemsl.". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2005-01-03. http://www.ars-grin.gov/cgi-bin/npgs/html/taxon.pl?42129. Retrieved 2010-02-01.
  3. ^ a b c "Brush-holly, Coronilla Xylosma flexuosa". Benny Simpson's Texas Native Shrubs. Texas A&M University. http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/ornamentals/nativeshrubs/xylosmaflexuosa.htm. Retrieved 2010-02-01.
  4. ^ a b Richardson, Alfred (1995). Plants of the Rio Grande Delta. University of Texas Press. p. 169. ISBN 978-0-292-77070-6. 
  5. ^ a b Felger, Richard Stephen; Matthew Brian Johnson; Michael Francis Wilson (2001). The Trees of Sonora, Mexico. Oxford University Press. p. 227. ISBN 978-0-19-512891-8. 
  6. ^ Everett, Thomas H. (1982). The New York Botanical Garden Illustrated Encyclopedia of Horticulture 10. Taylor & Francis. p. 3572. ISBN 978-0-8240-7240-7. 
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