Overview

Comprehensive Description

Description

Ziziphus lotus is a perennial deciduous thorny shrub, that reaches up to 1-3 m and often forms thickets up to 5 m diam. The stems are intricately branched, glabrous with very sharp, stipular spines one of them shorter and curved. The leaves are 1-2 x 0.5-1 cm, with ovate-oblong to broadly elliptic blade, obtuse apex, and crenulate margins, with a minute gland at the top of each crenule. The flowers are 3-4 mm, yellowish and produced solitary or few in clusters at the leaf axil. The fruit is a globose drupe that becomes yellowish at maturity with brown seeds.

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Distribution

Distribution in Egypt

Mareotic Sector.

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Global Distribution

Spain, East Mediterranean, North Africa, Arabia, Socotra.

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Physical Description

Size

Height: 1-3 m

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Ecology

Habitat

Stony and Sandy Ground.

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Wikipedia

Ziziphus lotus

Ziziphus lotus - MHNT

Ziziphus lotus is a deciduous shrub in the buckthorn family Rhamnaceae, native to the Mediterranean region, including the Sahara in Morocco.

Description[edit source | edit]

Ziziphus lotus can reach a height of 2–5 metres (6.6–16 ft), with shiny green leaves about 5 cm long. The edible fruit is a globose dark yellow drupe 1–1.5 cm diameter called a nabk. Common names in Arabic are sidr, rubeida ("after its crouch-shaped treetop"), nbeg in Tunisia and annab in Lebanon.[1]

It is closely related to Ziziphus zizyphus (jujube), and is often regarded as the lotus tree of Greek mythology.[2]

References in Literature[edit source | edit]

Ziziphus lotus is thought to be referenced in the Odyssey, consumed by the Lotus-Eaters as a narcotic to induce peaceful apathy.

See also[edit source | edit]

References[edit source | edit]

  1. ^ Amots Dafni, Shay Levy, Efraim Lev (2005). "The ethnobotany of Christ's Thorn Jujube (Ziziphus spina-christi) in Israel". Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine 1 (8): 8. doi:10.1186/1746-4269-1-8. PMC 1277088. PMID 16270941. Retrieved 2010-06-05. 
  2. ^ Herodotus, Histories, Book IV, 177.
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