State - Kerala, District/s: Palakkad, Idukki, Kozhikkode, Thrissur, Kannur, Thiruvananthapuram, Wayanad"
Leaves glabrous above, densely brownish tomentose below. Flowers with prominent sepals. Flowers when all the leaves have fallen.
In terminal panicles, bright yellow. Flowering from February-April.
A capsule, obovoid, three to five valved, brown. Seeds many, surrounded by pale white cottony hair. Fruiting from March-June.
A medium sized deciduous tree."
Life History and Behavior
Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems
Cochlospermum religiosum is a flowering plant from the tropical region of Southeast Asia and the Indian Subcontinent. It is a small tree growing to a height of 7.5 m usually found in dry deciduous forests. The name religiosum derives from the fact that the flowers are used as temple offerings. It is also known as Silk-Cotton Tree because the capsules containing the seeds have a fluffy cotton-like substance similar to kapok. Another common name is Buttercup tree because its yellow and bright flowers look like large-sized buttercups.
In Theravada Buddhism, this plant is said to have used as the tree for achieved enlightenment, or Bodhi by nineteenth Lord Buddha called "Siddhaththa - සිද්ධත්ථ". The plant is known as කිණිහිරියා (Kinihiriyaa) in Sinhala, and කණිකාර (Kanikaara) in Sanskrit..
EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.
To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!