Overview

Distribution

Distribution in Egypt

Mediterranean region, Egyptian desert and Sinai.

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Global Distribution

Mediterranean region, Sinai, Arabia, east Africa.

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Distribution: Mediterannean area to Turkey, Egypt, Jordan, Syria, Iran, Pakistan, Madagascar?.
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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Sturdy erect branched shrub, 2-3 m, greyish white, peeling bark on older stem. Leaves alternate, ovate-deltoid, or oblong ovate, up to 6 x 4 cm, silver grey, entire-repand lobed, subhastate, obtuse, mucronulate or emarginate, petiolate, petiole 0.3-1.0 cm. Inflorescence terminal, paniculate, leafless. Glomerules many-flowered forming congested lateral and terminal spikes. Male flowers: perianth small, very few in number than female flowers. Fruits many, condensed, often horizontally spreading; bracts thick-textured, fused at base, reniform, broad triangular to orbicular, 3.5-4 x 5-6 mm, entire or serrate dentate, without tubercles. Seeds 1.5 mm, brown-dark brown.
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Ecology

Habitat

Wadis, sandy soils, edges of saline depressions.

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Atriplex halimus

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Atriplex halimus

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Wikipedia

Atriplex halimus

Atriplex halimus (Mediterranean saltbush, Sea orache, Shrubby orache) is a species of fodder shrub in the Amaranthaceae family, which is native to Europe and Northern Africa, including the Sahara in Morocco.

This plant is often cultivated as forage because tolerating severe conditions of drought, and it can grow up in very alkaline and saline soils. In addition, it is useful to valorize degraded and marginal areas because it will contribute to the improvement of phytomass in this case.

It is a dietary staple for the Sand Rat (Psammomys obesus).

Hypoglycemic properties[edit]

Extracts from the leaves have shown to have significant hypoglycemic effects.[1]

References[edit]

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Notes

Comments

The record is based on a specimen with only male fls. and no fruits.
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