The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2011. Lamiales of North America Update
  • Brako, L. & J. L. Zarucchi. (eds.) 1993. Catalogue of the Flowering Plants and Gymnosperms of Peru. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 45: i–xl, 1–1286.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/7728 External link.
  • Foster, R. C. 1958. A catalogue of the ferns and flowering plants of Bolivia. Contr. Gray Herb. 184: 1–223.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1313 External link.
  • Idárraga-Piedrahita, A., R. D. C. Ortiz, R. Callejas Posada & M. Merello. 2011. Flora de Antioquia. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares, vol. 2. Listado de las Plantas Vasculares del Departamento de Antioquia. Pp. 1-939.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/100008595 External link.
  • Isotype: Moldenke, H. N. 1949. Phytologia. 3: 63.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & C. Ulloa Ulloa. 1994. Seed plants of the high Andes of Ecuador---A checklist. AAU Rep. 34: 1–443.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/47124 External link.
  • Jørgensen, P. M. & S. León-Yánez. (eds.) 1999. Catalogue of the vascular plants of Ecuador. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 75: i–viii, 1–1181.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/42250 External link.
  • Macbride, J. F. 1960. Verbenaceae, Flora of Peru. Publ. Field Mus. Nat. Hist., Bot. Ser. 13(5/2): 609–721.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1286 External link.
  • Marticorena C & R Rodríguez . 1995-2005. Flora de Chile. Vols 1, 2(1-3). Ed. Universidad de Concepción, Concepción. 351 pp., 99 pp., 93 pp., 128 pp. Matthei O. 1995. Manual de las malezas que crecen en Chile. Alfabeta Impresores. 545 p.
  • Marticorena, C. & M. Quezada. 1985. Catálogo de la Flora Vascular de Chile. Gayana, Bot. 42: 1–157.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1592 External link.
  • Moldenke, H. N. 1980. A sixth summary of the Verbenaceae, Avicenniaceae, Stilbaceae, Chloanthaceae, Symphoremaceae, Nyctanthaceae, and Eriocaulaceae of the World as to valid taxa, geographic distribution and synonymy. Phytologia Mem. 2: 1–629.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/5058 External link.
  • O'Leary, N., M. E. Múlgura & O. Morrone. 2007. Revisión taxonómica de las especies del género Verbena (Verbenaceae): serie Pachystachyae. Ann. Missouri Bot. Gard. 94(3): 571–621.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1031806 External link.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2013). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Apr 2011). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 11th March 2013 (Roskov Y., Kunze T., Paglinawan L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Culham A., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., Baillargeon G., Hernandez F., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at www.catalogueoflife.org/col/. Species 2000: Reading, UK.
  • SPECIMEN BASED RECORD. 1986. Field Museum Type Record.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1104 External link.
  • SPECIMEN BASED RECORD. Published protolog data.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/9990002 External link.
  • Serrano, M. & J. Teran. 2000. Identific. Esp. Veg. Chuquisaca 1–129. PLAFOR, Intercooperación, Fundación Ceibo, Sucre.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1014273 External link.
  • Zuloaga, F. O. 1997. Catálogo de las plantas vasculares de la Argentina. Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 74(1–2): 1–1331.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1002421 External link.
  • Zuloaga, F. O., O. Morrone, M. J. Belgrano, C. Marticorena & E. Marchesi. (eds.) 2008. Catálogo de las Plantas Vasculares del Cono Sur (Argentina, Sur de Brasil, Chile, Paraguay y Uruguay). Monogr. Syst. Bot. Missouri Bot. Gard. 107(1): i–xcvi, 1–983; 107(2): i–xx, 985–2286; 107(3): i–xxi, 2287–3348.   http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1033249 External link.

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