Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is recorded from Apalachicola to Marco Island on the west coast of Florida (Petuch and Sargent 2011). Although this species has a wide range along west Florida, it is severely fragmented and really only common at a few spots mostly near Marco Is and in Tampa Bay where it is threatened by development and over-collecting (E. Petuch pers. comm. 2013).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This is a shallow water species of marine snail, preferring sand bars or a muddy sand substrate (Allamand 2010, Tucker 2010). Their habitat can become exposed to the air during the lowest tides of the year where they may be found in pools of remaining water. C. anabathrum lives in coastal waters of Florida that may be under ecosystem stress from the effects of increasing coastal development for tourism, recreation and housing. This species occurs at depths to 120 m. Adults may grow to approx. 51 mm (Rosenberg 2009).

Systems
  • Marine
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Depth range based on 41 specimens in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 21 samples.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 0.7 - 187.5
  Temperature range (°C): 23.535 - 25.874
  Nitrate (umol/L): 0.325 - 1.565
  Salinity (PPS): 35.785 - 36.244
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.519 - 4.876
  Phosphate (umol/l): 0.093 - 0.153
  Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 1.847

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 0.7 - 187.5

Temperature range (°C): 23.535 - 25.874

Nitrate (umol/L): 0.325 - 1.565

Salinity (PPS): 35.785 - 36.244

Oxygen (ml/l): 4.519 - 4.876

Phosphate (umol/l): 0.093 - 0.153

Silicate (umol/l): 0.756 - 1.847
 
Note: this information has not been validated. Check this *note*. Your feedback is most welcome.

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
VU
Vulnerable

Red List Criteria
B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii)

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Petuch, E.

Reviewer/s
Peters, H. & Coltro, J.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species has been recorded along the Western Florida coastline where it is only common near Marco Is and in Tampa Bay where populations could be easily extirpated by development and over-collecting. There is a continuing decline in habitat quality. This species is listed as Vulnerable B1ab(iii)+2ab(iii).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Population

Population
There are no recordings of population levels for C. anabathrum in the literature. When found, they are present in large aggregations of thousands of individuals (Petuch pers. comm. 2011).

Population Trend
Unknown
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Threats

Major Threats
This species is only common near Marco Is and in Tampa Bay where the populations could be easily extirpated (E. Petuch pers. comm. 2013).
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is restricted in its range and very scarce in the market and would benefit from further research into populations, habitat, level of off-take and threats (including impact of fishing) before any action plan can be formulated. There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.
Creative Commons Attribution Non Commercial Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-NC-SA 3.0)

© International Union for Conservation of Nature and Natural Resources

Source: IUCN

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Wikipedia

Conus anabathrum

Conus anabathrum is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[2]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

There are three subspecies :

  • Conus anabathrum anabathrum Crosse,1865
  • Conus anabathrum antoni Cargile, 2011
  • Сonus anabathrum tranthami Petuch, 1998

Contents

Distribution

This species occurs in the Caribbean Sea and the Gulf of Mexico

Description

The maximum recorded shell length is 51 mm.[3] The spire is elevated, and gradate. The body whorl is grooved towards the base. The color of the shell is pale yellowish brown, with a central white band and scattered white maculations, obscurely encircled by lines of light chestnut spots. [4]

Habitat

Minimum recorded depth is 0 m.[3] Maximum recorded depth is 122 m.[3]

Gallery

References

  1. ^ Crosse. Jour, de Conch., t. 9, f. 4, 1865
  2. ^ a b Conus anabathrum Crosse, 1865.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 4 March 2012.
  3. ^ a b c Welch J. J. (2010). "The "Island Rule" and Deep-Sea Gastropods: Re-Examining the Evidence". PLoS ONE 5(1): e8776. doi:10.1371/journal.pone.0008776.
  4. ^ G.W. Tryon, Manual of Conchology vol.VI p. 33; 1886
  • Filmer R.M. (2001). A Catalogue of Nomenclature and Taxonomy in the Living Conidae 1758 - 1998. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. 388pp.
  • Rosenberg, G., F. Moretzsohn, and E. F. García. 2009. Gastropoda (Mollusca) of the Gulf of Mexico, Pp. 579–699 in Felder, D.L. and D.K. Camp (eds.), Gulf of Mexico–Origins, Waters, and Biota. Biodiversity. Texas A&M Press, College Station, Texas
  • Tucker J.K. & Tenorio M.J. (2009) Systematic classification of Recent and fossil conoidean gastropods. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. 296 pp
  • Tucker J.K. (2009). Recent cone species database. September 4th 2009 Edition
  • Monnier E. & Limpalaër L. (2012) Dauciconus colombi (Gastropoda: Conidae), a new species from Martinique. Visaya 3(5): 15-19. [March 2012]
Creative Commons Attribution Share Alike 3.0 (CC BY-SA 3.0)

Source: Wikipedia

Trusted

Article rating from 0 people

Default rating: 2.5 of 5

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!