Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species occurs at disparate locations over a wide range. In the western Indian ocean it is found from Somalia south to Natal and Madagascar; in the Pacific it occurs from Japan to Taiwan, with further populations in the north of New Zealand, Queensland, and Western Australia (Röckel et al. 1995).

The EOO, AOO and number of locations exceed the thresholds for criteria B1 and B2.

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Range Description

This species occurs from the south of Japan, through Taiwan to the Philippines. It is also found around India, West Thailand, and the Solomon Islands (C. a. gabryae) also Fiji (Röckel et al. 1995). The EOO, AOO and number of locations exceed the thresholds for criteria B1 and B2.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species occurs at exceptional depths for Conus with examples dredged from 250 to 1,134 m where they probably live in sand and/or mud. Adults will grow to 111 mm but will typically be less than this (Röckel et al.1995).

Systems
  • Marine
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Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is found at depths of 35-240 m. Adults can grow to a length of 95 mm, although they are typically much smaller than this, around 70 mm (Poppe and Poppe 2011). Reportedly found in mud and gravel (G. Poppe pers. comm. 2011).

Systems
  • Marine
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Depth range based on 3 specimens in 2 taxa.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 570 - 675
  Temperature range (°C): 8.001 - 8.001
  Nitrate (umol/L): 23.988 - 23.988
  Salinity (PPS): 34.553 - 34.553
  Oxygen (ml/l): 4.329 - 4.329
  Phosphate (umol/l): 1.684 - 1.684
  Silicate (umol/l): 13.526 - 13.526

Graphical representation

Depth range (m): 570 - 675
 
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 3 - 3
 
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Conus teramachii

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


No available public DNA sequences.

Download FASTA File
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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Conus teramachii

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 1
Specimens with Barcodes: 1
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Duda, T.

Reviewer/s
Tagaro, S. & Peters, H.

Contributor/s
Poppe, G.

Justification
This species occurs at disparate locations over a wide range. In the western Indian ocean it is found from Somalia south to Natal and Madagascar; in the Pacific it occurs from Japan to Taiwan, with further populations in the north of New Zealand, Queensland, and Western Australia. This species is very common in parts of its range. This species occurs at great depths with specimens being dredged from over 1,100 m. With its wide range it is unlikely to be at risk. This species is listed as Least Concern.
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IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Kohn, A.

Reviewer/s
Poppe, G. & Peters, H.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species ocurs from the south of Japan, through Taiwan to the Philippines. It is also found around India, West Thailand, and the Solomon Islands (C. a. gabryae) also Fiji. The lack of threats, relative abundance in the wild and wide range for this species has led to an assessment of Least Concern.
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Population

Population
This species is common in parts of its range (G.T. Poppe pers. comm. 2011).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Population

Population
This species is very common in the Philippines and the China Sea (G. Poppe pers. comm. 2011).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
Despite the deepwater habitat of this wide-ranging species market indicators suggest they are abundant. There are no known major threats to this species.
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Major Threats
Each year, thousands are taken as by-catch in the South China Sea (G. Poppe pers. comm. 2011). However, this is not thought to be significantly affecting the global population.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.
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Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is common in the benthic zone off Aliguay Island, a protected area (G. Poppe pers. comm. 2011).
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Wikipedia

Conus teramachii

Conus teramachii is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[1]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Contents

Description

Distribution

References

  1. ^ a b Conus teramachii (Kuroda, 1956).  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 27 March 2010.
  • Filmer R.M. (2001). A Catalogue of Nomenclature and Taxonomy in the Living Conidae 1758 - 1998. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. 388pp
  • Tucker J.K. (2009). Recent cone species database. September 4th 2009 Edition.
  • Tucker J.K. & Tenorio M.J. (2009) Systematic classification of Recent and fossil conoidean gastropods. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. 296 pp.
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Conus australis

Conus australis is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[1]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Contents

Description

Distribution

References

  1. ^ a b Conus australis (Holten, 1802).  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 27 March 2010.
  • Filmer R.M. (2001). A Catalogue of Nomenclature and Taxonomy in the Living Conidae 1758 - 1998. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. 388pp.
  • Tucker J.K. (2009). Recent cone species database. September 4th 2009 Edition.
  • Tucker J.K. & Tenorio M.J. (2009) Systematic classification of Recent and fossil conoidean gastropods. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. 296 pp.
  • Petit R.E. (2009) George Brettingham Sowerby, I, II & III: their conchological publications and molluscan taxa. Zootaxa 2189: 1–218.
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