Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is found widely along the coast of West Africa. C. pulcher pulcher is found from Senegal to Angola including the islands of São Tomé and Príncipe but not the Cape Verde Islands; C. pulcher byssinus from Western Sahara to the Mauritania-Sengal border; and C. pulcher siamensis is found in the Canary Islands and Madeira.

There are separate maps for each subspecies.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species lives in varied habitats including sand and mud in a range from 1 m to 50 m (Poppe and Poppe 2011). This is the largest species of Conus with adults typically growing to 250 mm in length (E. Monnier pers. comm. 2011).

Systems
  • Marine
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 1 taxon.
Water temperature and chemistry ranges based on 1 sample.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 200 - 200
  Temperature range (°C): 14.062 - 14.062
  Nitrate (umol/L): 20.445 - 20.445
  Salinity (PPS): 35.424 - 35.424
  Oxygen (ml/l): 1.928 - 1.928
  Phosphate (umol/l): 1.640 - 1.640
  Silicate (umol/l): 9.920 - 9.920
 
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
Tenorio, M.J.

Reviewer/s
Monnier, E. & Seddon, M.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is found widely along the coast of West Africa. C. pulcher pulcher is found from Senegal to Angola including the islands of São Tomé e Príncipe but not the Cape Verde Islands; C pulcher byssinus from Western Sahara to the Mauritania-Sengal border; and C pulcher siamensis is found in the Canary Islands and Madeira. Although prized as the largest of the Conidae, the wide range of this species and low take overall at present means the species is assessed as Least Concern.

It should be noted that some populations of the C. pulcher siamensis may be more threatened due to the higher levels of tourist activity and pollution.
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Population

Population
This is the largest cone species in the world. It is a species which is widely distributed and common although there are limited population trend data for this species.

Population Trend
Stable
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known threats to this species. The level of off-take is not threatening as the level of sales is low and the area which they are taken from is large. There are localized pollution events that may impact the species but not throughout the range.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.
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Wikipedia

Conus pulcher

Conus pulcher is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[2]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

There is one subspecies : Conus pulcher siamensis Hwass in Bruguière, 1792

A Shell of albinistic and of regular colour, both with periostracum.

According to Bernard, experts do not agree on the identity of this cone and therefore it seemed better to separate it into two varieties, according to their habitat. Bernard thus mentions two Conus pulcher varieties: C. pulcher f. papilionaceus (Lightfoot, 1786) and C. pulcher f. prometheus (Lightfoot, 1786)

Contents

Description

Distribution

This species occurs in the Eastern Atlantic (Guinea, Senegal, Angola)

References

  1. ^ Lightfoot, J., 1786. A Catalogue of the Portland Museum, Lately the Property of the Duchess Dowager of Portland, Deceased; Which will be sold by Auction
  2. ^ a b Conus pulcher [Lightfoot, 1786].  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 27 March 2010.
  • Filmer R.M. (2001). A Catalogue of Nomenclature and Taxonomy in the Living Conidae 1758 - 1998. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. 388pp
  • Tucker J.K. & Tenorio M.J. (2009) Systematic classification of Recent and fossil conoidean gastropods. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. 296 pp
  • Tucker J.K. (2009). Recent cone species database. September 4th 2009 Edition
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