Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to South Africa, and its range extends from Trafalgar to East-London, where it is found at depths of 2-55 m (Veldsman 2010).
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species occurs in shallow waters at East-London and deeper in Transkei, frequently occurring between 5-40 m; however it is considered rare in deeper waters (Veldsman 2010). It is generally found in muddy sand under large rocks, preying on other gastropods and being preyed on by other snails (Veldsman 2010).

The typical size for adult shells of this species is 50 mm in length (Tenorio et al. 2008).

Systems
  • Marine
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Depth range based on 1 specimen in 2 taxa.

Environmental ranges
  Depth range (m): 10 - 10
 
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Veldsman, S.G.

Reviewer/s
Peters, H. & Raybaudi-Massilia, G.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is endemic to South Africa, and its range extends from Trafalgar to East-London. Although this species has a restricted range and is inherently uncommon where it occurs, it is not over-exploited. There are no current threats affecting the global population of this species, although localized threats from agricultural run off, siltation and municipal sewage may affect populations in shallow water. Deep water populations however are not affected by any of these threats, however it is considered rare in deeper waters. It has been listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
There are no population data in the literature for this species.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
For populations at shallower depths, municipal pollution, run off from agriculture, mud and siltation may cause localized threats all along the coast, especially in Natal and around the Eastern Cape. However, populations in deep water are not affected by any of these threats (S. Veldsman pers. comm. October 2011).
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species' range includes the Pondoland marine protected area which covers 188 km2 (www.protectedplanet.net). Although this is not an official protected area, it may afford some protection to the species. No other conservation measures are in place for this species.
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Wikipedia

Conus natalis

Conus natalis, common name the Natal Textile Cone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[1]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Contents

Description[edit]

Distribution[edit]

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Conus natalis G. B. Sowerby II, 1858.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 27 March 2010.
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