Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is endemic to Angola and only known between Cacuaco to the north of Luanda and Mussulo Bay (Monteiro et al. 2004), a distance of approx 40 km. Samples of C. aemulus gathered by fishermen and sold for the collector market are the only source of information on the depth range for this species, indicated as 1 to 2 m in dealers lists of shells for sale (Poppe and Poppe 2011). The species is present in very shallow waters to 5 m depth (M. J. Tenorio pers. comm. 2011).
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Physical Description

Type Information

Paralectotype for Conus lobitensis Kaicher, 1977
Catalog Number: USNM 894727
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Invertebrate Zoology
Preparation: Dry
Year Collected: 1975
Locality: Mocamedes, Armado Bay, Angola, South Atlantic Ocean
Microhabitat: Under rocks, low tide
  • Paralectotype:
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species has been found on sand and rocks, from 1 to 2 m depth but possibly to 5 m (Poppe and Poppe 2011; M. J. Tenorio pers. comm. 2011).

Systems
  • Marine
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2012

Assessor/s
Tenorio, M.J.

Reviewer/s
Monnier, E. & Seddon, M.

Contributor/s
Veldsman, S.G. & Peters, H.

Justification
This species is only found along a restricted area of coast, less than 40 km in length, where the species is found in shallow water to 5m depth. Pollution and development in Luanda may be a factor but is only considered to be a minor threat to the current populations of this species. Oil prospecting has been carried out along Angola's coast and at some point in the future oil exploration may provide a threat to this part of the coastline of Angola, but is there is no current development planned for these activities, hence the species has been assessed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
There are no records of population levels for this species, but recent records suggest it is very abundant (M. J. Tenorio pers. comm. 2011).

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
This species is endemic to Angola where it is restricted to 40 km of coastline. There is hardly any tourism in Angola at this moment and the species is only collected by a few specialist collectors; it is not collected by fishermen (M. J. Tenorio pers. comm. 2011). The only current threat is its proximity to the city of Luanda, so development and pollution from there may be of some concern, however this is currently regarded to be a minor threat (M. Tenorio pers. comm. 2011). Oil prospection has been going on along the Angolan coast, but there is no further development on this at the moment, so this is not considered a current threat; it may be more significant in the future if oil drilling commences (M. J. Tenorio and S. Veldsman pers. comm. 2011).
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
This species is restricted in its range and scarce in the market and would benefit from further research into abundance, level of off-take and threats before any action plan can be formulated. There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species.
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Wikipedia

Conus aemulus

Conus aemulus is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[1]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Contents

Description

Distribution

References

  1. ^ a b Conus aemulus Reeve, 1844.  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 20 March 2010.
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