Overview

Distribution

Range Description

This species is found along the east coast of Africa, including Madagascar, and from India and the Philippines to the Solomon Islands and the north coast of Australia. (Röckel et al. 1995). The EOO, AOO and number of locations exceed the thresholds for criteria B1 and B2.
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Ecology

Habitat

Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This species is found in intertidal and subtidal habitats, on rock, sand, limestone reef, rubble and mud. It is mostly on continental shores. It occurs at depths of 0.5-30 m. It is vermivorous. Adults can grow up to a length of 64 mm, although they will typically be smaller than this (Röckel et al. 1995).

Systems
  • Marine
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Conservation

Conservation Status

IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Kohn, A.

Reviewer/s
Peters, H. & Poppe, G.

Contributor/s

Justification
This species is found along the east coast of Africa, including Madagascar, and from India and the Philippines to the Solomon Islands and the north coast of Australia. This species is uncommon throughout its wide geographic range in the Indo-Pacific. However, there are no known major threats. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.
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Population

Population
This species is uncommon throughout its wide range.

Population Trend
Unknown
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Threats

Major Threats
There are no known threats to this species.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
There are no known conservation measures currently in place for this species. It occurs in Palawan, a protected area, at present (G. Poppe pers. comm. 2011). It probably occurs in other marine protected areas within its range.
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Wikipedia

Conus biliosus

Conus biliosus, common name the bilious cone, is a species of sea snail, a marine gastropod mollusk in the family Conidae, the cone snails and their allies.[2]

Like all species within the genus Conus, these snails are predatory and venomous. They are capable of "stinging" humans, therefore live ones should be handled carefully or not at all.

Contents

Subspecies

Apertural view of Conus biliosus parvulus

Subspecies include:[2]

  • Conus biliosus meyeri Walls, 1979
  • Conus biliosus parvulus Link, 1807 (synonyms: Conus parvulus Link, 1807; Conus imperator Woolacott, 1956; Conus roseus Lamarck, 1810)

Description

The size of an adult shell varies between 25 mm and 64 mm.

Distribution

This species occurs in the Western Indian Ocean (from South Africa to Somalia) and along India and Sri Lanka; in the Pacific Ocean from Indonesia to the Philippines and to Papua New Guinea, the Solomon Islands and Queensland.

References

  1. ^ Röding, P. F., 1798. Museum Boltenianum sive Catalogus Cimeliorum e Tribus Regnis Naturae Quae olim Collegerat Joa.., 2: I-VIII: 1 -199
  2. ^ a b c Conus biliosus (Röding, 1798).  Retrieved through: World Register of Marine Species on 4 August 2011.
  • Filmer R.M. (2001). A Catalogue of Nomenclature and Taxonomy in the Living Conidae 1758 - 1998. Backhuys Publishers, Leiden. 388pp
  • Tucker J.K. (2009). Recent cone species database. September 4th 2009 Edition
  • Tucker J.K. & Tenorio M.J. (2009) Systematic classification of Recent and fossil conoidean gastropods. Hackenheim: Conchbooks. 296 pp.
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