DistributionRead full entry
Range DescriptionThe native range of the species is considered restricted to the eastern Adriatic coastal mountains and islands in Croatia (Grdiša et al. 2013). Domestication and cultivation of the species elsewhere along the along the Dalmatian coast and in neighboring countries began around 1854 (Grdiša et al. 2013). In Croatia, it is found in southern parts of the Istria Peninsula, the Kvarner Islands (Krk, Cres, Lošinj), the Velebit and Biokovo mountains, and along the Dalmatian coastal region and its islands (Brač, Hvar, Biševo, Vis, Korčula, Lastovo, Mljet) (Ambrožič-Dolinšek et al. 2007, Grdiša et al. 2009, 2013).
The species has naturalised in Cyprus and locally in other parts of eastern, central, southwestern and southeastern Europe and in European Russia (Greuter 2006-2009, Ambrožič-Dolinšek et al. 2007, Grdiša et al. 2009, 2013), and has been cultivated widely globally.