Regularity: Regularly occurring
Localities documented in Tropicos sources
United States (North America)
Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
- Flora of North America Editorial Committee, e. 1997. Magnoliidae and Hamamelidae. 3: i–xxiii, 1–590. In Fl. N. Amer. Oxford University Press, New York. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/24627
Comments: Basaltic cliff faces, north- and east-facing slopes at the base of cliffs. 200 - 500 m.
Life History and Behavior
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: N2 - Imperiled
To request an improvement, please leave a comment on the page. Thank you!