The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • Brusca, R., G. Brusca. 1990. Invertebrates. Sunderland, Massachusetts: Sunauer Associates, Inc..
  • Buchsbaum, M., R. Buchsbaum, V. Pearse, J. Pearse. 1987. Living Invertebrates. Boston, Massachusetts: Blackwell Scientific Publications.
  • Chappell, L. 1979. Physiology of Parasites. New York: John Wiley and Sons.
  • Clay, T., M. Rothschild. 1952. Fleas, Flukes and Cuckoos. New York: The MacMillan Company.
  • Kaewkes, S. (2003). Taxonomy and biology of liver flukes. Acta Tropica. 88(3), 177 - 186.
  • Lim, J H. (2011). Liver Flukes: the Malady Neglected. Korean Journal of Radiology. 12(3), 269-279.
  • Orrell T. (custodian) (2015). ITIS Regional: The Integrated Taxonomic Information System (version Dec 2014). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Swellengrebel, N., M. Sterman. 1961. Animal Parasites in Man. Princeton: D. Van Nostrand Company, Inc..
  • von Brand, T. 1952. Endoparasitic Animals. New York: Academic Press Inc., Publishers.


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