Phylloceras is an extinct genus of ammonoid cephalopods belonging to the family Phylloceratidae. These nektonic carnivores lived from Early Jurassic (Hettangian age) to Late Cretaceous (Maastrichtian age). 
Shells of Phylloceras can reach a diameter of about 8–10 centimetres (3.1–3.9 in), with a maximun of about 20 centimetres (7.9 in). Thes primitive ammonites had an involute, laterally flattened shell with a regular shell opening. They were almost smooth and the ornamentation was virtually absent or, at most, represented by simple growth lines barely visible. The striking sinuous suture lines were characteristic of this genus. They remember in some way the leaves of plants (hence the name Phylloceras, which means " horn- leaf").
Fossils of species within this genus have been found all over the world, particularly in Western Europe. 
- Cyril Walker & David Ward (1993) - Fossielen: Sesam Natuur Handboeken, Bosch & Keuning, Baarn. ISBN 90-246-4924-2
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