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Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Global Range: South America from central Bolivia to south Brazil and Argentina. Reported by Britton and Rose and by Small (1933) to be naturalized in Florida, but no specimens have been found.

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Range Description

This widespread southern Neotropical cactus is found in western Paraíba, eastern and central-southern Pernambuco, Alagoas, Sergipe, northwestern, northern and eastern Bahia, northeastern and central-southern Minas Gerais and Espírito Santo (Brazil); in semi-humid forests of extra-Amazonian Brazil; in the Atlantic drainage eastwards of the Andes (Peru - only in Cuzco -, Bolivia, northern Argentina, Paraguay). It has become naturalized in some areas where it has been introduced, such as in Florida (USA). It occurs at elevations of 0 to 1,000 m asl.
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Physical Description

Type Information

Type collection for Opuntia bahiensis Britton & Rose
Catalog Number: US 762359
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): J. N. Rose & P. G. Russell
Year Collected: 1915
Locality: Bahia, Brazil, South America
  • Type collection: Britton, N. L. & Rose, J. N. 1919. Cactaceae. 1: 210.
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Type collection for Opuntia bahiensis Britton & Rose
Catalog Number: US 762360
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): J. N. Rose & P. G. Russell
Year Collected: 1915
Locality: Bahia, Brazil, South America
  • Type collection: Britton, N. L. & Rose, J. N. 1919. Cactaceae. 1: 210.
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Type collection for Opuntia bahiensis Britton & Rose
Catalog Number: US 3054052
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): J. N. Rose
Year Collected: 1915
Locality: Bahia, Brazil, South America
  • Type collection: Britton, N. L. & Rose, J. N. 1919. Cactaceae. 1: 210.
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Ecology

Habitat

Comments: Subtropical and warm temperate areas.

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Habitat and Ecology

Habitat and Ecology
This cactus occurs in restinga, drier phases of mata atlântica, agreste, caatinga (especially along temporary water courses), mata de brejo, mata seca (on limestone), mata de galeria and mata do planalto, especially on deep sandy substrates and as a lithophyte (Taylor and Zappi 2004) .

Systems
  • Terrestrial
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Brasiliopuntia brasiliensis

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Brasiliopuntia brasiliensis

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 2
Specimens with Barcodes: 2
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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IUCN Red List Assessment


Red List Category
LC
Least Concern

Red List Criteria

Version
3.1

Year Assessed
2013

Assessor/s
Taylor, N.P., Machado, M., Zappi, D., Braun, P., Oakley, L., Pin, A. & Ostalaza, C.

Reviewer/s
Goettsch, B.K. & Superina, M.

Contributor/s

Justification
Although much of its habitat, especially the Atlantic Forest and agreste, has been destroyed in Brazil and population declines have been recorded, Brasiliopuntia brasiliensis does occur in some national parks and has a very wide range in the southern Neotropics. It is therefore listed as Least Concern.

History
  • 2002
    Least Concern
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Population

Population
This is an abundant species, but there is population decline due to habitat loss across its range.

Population Trend
Decreasing
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Threats

Comments: Most cacti subject to horticultural collecting.

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Major Threats
The loss of forest habitat due to agricultural expansion - crops and livestock - is affecting this cactus. Furthermore, some subpopulations are affected by urban expansion, and others by quarrying activities. However, none of these threats is considered to have a major impact.
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Management

Conservation Actions

Conservation Actions
The species occurs in some national parks (Taylor and Zappi 2004).
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Wikipedia

Brasiliopuntia

Brasiliopuntia is a genus in the cactus family, Cactaceae. It contains only one species, Brasiliopuntia brasiliensis.

It is found in Brazil, Paraguay, eastern Bolivia, Peru and northern Argentina, and has become naturalized in Florida among other places.[1]

Description[edit]

Brasiliopuntia brasiliensis shows thin, slightly shrunken cladodes on a central cylindrical trunk. The leaves are bright green.

White areoles bear one or two small brown upright spines.

Light brown flowers appear only on adult plants.

Systematics[edit]

Brasiliopuntia brasiliensis was placed in the genus Opuntia when the very broad genus Cactus was dismembered. The distinctive features of the species were recognized by Karl Schumann in 1898 when he created a subgenus Brasiliopuntia within the genus Opuntia. In 1926 Alwin Berger completed the separation from Opuntia by raising Brasiliopuntia to a full genus. A number of species have been described in the past, but are now considered only to be variants of B. brasiliensis.[1]

Species list[edit]

Synonyms:

  • Cactus brasiliensis Willdenow
  • Opuntia brasiliensis (Willdenow) Haworth
  • Opuntia bahiensis Britton & Rose
  • Brasilopuntia bahiensis (Britton & Rose) A. Berger
  • Opuntia schulzii A. Castellanos & Lelong
  • Brasilopuntia neoargentina Backeberg
  • Brasilopuntia schulzii (A. Castellanos & Lelong) Backeberg
  • Brasilopuntia subcarpa Rizzini & A. Mattos

References[edit]

  1. ^ a b Anderson, Edward F. (2001), The Cactus Family, Pentland, Oregon: Timber Press, ISBN 978-0-88192-498-5 , pp. 132–133

Bibliography[edit]

  • Innes C, Wall B (1995). Cacti Succulents and Bromaliads. Cassell & The Royal Horticultural Society.
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