Overview

Comprehensive Description

General Description

A medium-size (4.2-5.0 cm wingspan) long-winged dull grey moth. The black basal dash is short and inconspicuous, and there is light grey shading along the basal part of the costa. The doubled black antemedian line is jagged and linked on the lower half to the black-outlined claviform spot. The pale orbicular spot stands out against the ground, and has a small satellite spot at the lower margin. The hourglass-shaped reniform is outlined in black, filled with pale grey, and there is a series of dark wedges marking the subterminal line. The hindwings are grey-brown. Similar to L. georgii, L. unimoda and L. laticinerea. L. georgii is paler grey with a long thin black basal streak, the cross lines are obscure or obsolete and there is fine dark scaling along the veins giving a faintly streakier appearance. The other two species are darker than georgii, with less prominent cross lines. There are good genital characters, and dissections may be required to separate grotei, laticinerea, and unimoda.
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Distribution

Uncommon is east central Alberta, west to Redwater. Widespread in eastern North America, but not previously reported from west of Ontario.
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National Distribution

Canada

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

United States

Origin: Native

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Present

Confidence: Confident

Type of Residency: Year-round

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Ecology

Habitat

Deciduous and mixedwood forest.
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Trophic Strategy

No Alberta data; elsewhere recorded from a variety of deciduous trees and shrubs, including birch (Betula) and maple (Acer)(Prentice 1962), oak (Quercus) and red chokecherry (Prunus). Also reported to be a destructive green fruitworm on apple (Malus) in New York (Rings et al).
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Life History and Behavior

Cyclicity

Adults in Alberta September - (hibernates) - April.
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Life Cycle

Adults emerge in fall, hibernate and appear again in spring. They come to both light and bait. Larvae are solitary defoliators, and when reared in captivity are cannibalistic. (Covell 1984)
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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Statistics of barcoding coverage: Lithophane grotei

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 7
Specimens with Barcodes: 28
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Barcode data: Lithophane grotei

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


There are 7 barcode sequences available from BOLD and GenBank.  Below is a sequence of the barcode region Cytochrome oxidase subunit 1 (COI or COX1) from a member of the species.  See the BOLD taxonomy browser for more complete information about this specimen and other sequences.

NNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNGTAGGAACATCATTAAGATTATTAATTCGTGCTGAATTAGGAAATCCAGGATCTTTAATTGGTGATGATCAAATTTATAATACTATTGTTACAGCTCATGCTTTTATTATAATTTTTTTTATAGTTATACCTATTATAATTGGAGGATTCGGTAATTGACTTGTTCCTTTAATGTTAGGAGCTCCAGATATAGCTTTCCCCCGTTTAAATAATATAAGTTTTTGATTACTTCCCCCTTCTTTAACATTATTAATTTCAAGAAGAATTGTAGAAAATGGTGCAGGAACAGGATGAACAGTGTACCCCCCACTTTCATCTAATATTGCTCACGGTGGTAGATCTGTAGACTTAGCTATTTTTTCTTTACATTTAGCTGGAATTTCTTCTATTTTAGGAGCCATTAATTTTATTACTACAATTATTAATATACGATTAAATAATTTATCCTTTGATCAAATACCTTTATTTATTTGAGCTGTTGGAATTACTGCATTTTTATTATTATTATCATTACCTGTTTTAGCTGGAGCTATTACTATATTATTAACCGATCGAAATTTAAATACATCTTTTTTTGNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNNN
-- end --

Download FASTA File
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Conservation

Conservation Status

Uncommon but widespread; no concerns.
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National NatureServe Conservation Status

Canada

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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