The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • Baumiller, TK, Mooi, R, Messing, CG (2008) Urchins in the meadow: paleobiological and evolutionary implications of cidaroid predation on crinoids. Paleobiology 34(1): 22-34.
  • Donovan, SK and Veltkamp, CJ (2001) The Antillean Tertiary Crinoid Fauna. Journal of Paleontology 75(3): 721-731.
  • McClintock, JB, Baker, BJ, Baumiller, TK, Messing, CG (1999) Lack of chemical defense in two species of stalked crinoids: support for the predation hypothesis for Mesozoic bathymetric displacement. Journal of experimental marine biology and ecology 232(1): 1-7.
  • Messing, C. (2015). Neocrinus decorus (Thomson, 1864). In: Messing, C. (2015) World List of Crinoidea. Accessed through: World Register of Marine Species at


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