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The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 2009. "Blue Starfish" (On-line). Accessed November 14, 2010 at
  • Clark, A.M. and F.W.E. Rowe. 1971. Monograph of Shallow-water Indo-West Pacific Echinoderms. Trustees of the British Museum (Natural History): London. x + 238 p. + 30 pls.
  • Crandall, E., E. Jones, M. Muñoz, B. Akinronbi, M. Erdmann. 2008. Comparative phylogeography of two seastars and their ectosymbionts within the Coral Triangle. Molecular Ecology, 17: 5276–5290.
  • Deep Sea Waters, 2011. "Blue Sea Star" (On-line). Accessed August 01, 2011 at
  • Foster, R., M. Smith. 1997. "Linckia Sea Star, Blue (Linckia laevigata)" (On-line). Accessed August 01, 2011 at
  • Kochzius, M., C. Seidel, J. Hauschild, S. Kirchhoff, P. Mester, I. Meyer-Wachsmuth, A. Nuryanto, J. Timm. 2009. Genetic population structures of the blue starfish Linckia laevigata and its gastropod ectoparasite Thyca crystallina. Marine Ecology Progress Series, 396: 211-219.
  • Magsino, R., M. Juinio-Meñez, R. Ravago. 2000. Development and application of genetic markers for population structure analysis of the blue coral reef starfish, Linckia laevigata (Linn.) (Echinodermata: Asteroidea). Science Diliman, 12/2: 10-16.
  • Mah C.L. (2015). WoRMS Asteroidea: World Asteroidea database (version 2015-08-01). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • Mojica, E., R. Layson, M. Rodil, C. Deocaris. 2003. Marine invertebrates as source of potential anti-tumor and antibacterial agents. 8th Southern Luzon Zonal R & D Review, DLSU, 1: 1-11.
  • Reef Reality Series, 2010. "Blue sea star (Linckia laevigata) - Reef reality episode 12" (On-line). Accessed August 01, 2011 at
  • Rideout, R. 1975. Toxicity of the asteroid Linckia laevigata (L.) to the damselfish Dascyllus aruanus (L.). Micronesica, 11: 153-154.
  • Williams, S., J. Benzie. 1993. Genetic consequences of long larval life in the starfish Linckia laevigata (Echinodermata: Asteroidea) on the Great Barrier Reef. Marine Biology, 117: 71-77.
  • Yamaguchi, M. 1977. Population structure, spawning, and growth of the coral reef asteroid Linckia laevigata (Linnaeus). Pacific Science, 31/1: 13-30.


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