The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.


  • 2012. "Encyclopedia of Life" (On-line). Odontaster validus. Accessed August 31, 2012 at
  • Belgian Biodiversity platform. 2012. "Odontaster validus Koehler, 1906" (On-line). SCAR Antarctic Field Guides. Accessed March 11, 2012 at
  • Bernasconi I. 1970. Equinodermos Antarticos. II. Asteroideos. 5. Asteroideos de la Extremidad Norte de la Peninsula Antartica. Revista del Museo Argentino de Ciencias Naturales. Zoologia 9(10), 211-281.
  • Bosch I. & Pearse J.S. 1990. Developmental types of shallow-water asteroids of McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Marine Biology 104, 41?46.
  • Brueggeman, P. 1998. "Cnidaria – Scyphozoa: jellyfish UNDERWATER FIELD GUIDE TO ROSS ISLAND & MCMURDO SOUND, ANTARCTICA" (On-line pdf). Accessed August 31, 2012 at
  • Chia F.S. 1970. Reproduction of Arctic marine invertebrates. Marine Pollution Bulletin 1, 78-79.
  • Clark A.M. 1962. Asteroidea. BA NZ Antarctic Research Expedition 1929-1931. Report 9.
  • Clark H.S. 1963. The Fauna of the Ross Sea: 3, Asteroidea.. New Zealand Department of Scientific and Industrial Research Bulletin 151, 1-84.
  • Clarke, A.; Johnston, N.M. 2003. Antarctic marine benthic diversity. Oceanogr. Mar. Biol. Ann. Rev. 41: 47-114
  • Conlan K.E., Rau G.H. & Kvitek R.G. 2006. ?13C and ?15N shifts in benthic invertebrates exposed to sewage from McMurdo Station, Antartica. Marine Pollution Bulletin 52, 1695-1707.
  • Dearborn J.H. 1977. Foods and feeding characteristics of Antarctic asteroids and ophiuroids. In: G.A. Llano (Ed.) Adaptations within Antarctic ecosystems. Gulf Publishing, Houston, 293-326.
  • Janosik, A., K. Halanych. 2010. Unrecognized Antarctic Biodiversity: A Case Study of the Genus Odontaster (Odontasteridae; Asteroidea). Integrative & Comparative Biology, 50/6: 981-992. Accessed March 11, 2012 at
  • Kidawa, A. 2009. Food Selection of the Antarctic Sea Star Odontaster validus: Laboratory Experiments With Food Quality And Size. Polish Journal of Ecology, 57/1: 139-147. Accessed March 11, 2012 at
  • Larrain A. 1995. Biodiversidad de equinodermos chilenos: estado actual del conocimiento y sinopsis biosistemática. Gayana Zool. (Chile) 59: 73-96.
  • Mah C.L. (2015). WoRMS Asteroidea: World Asteroidea database (version 2015-08-01). In: Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life, 26th August 2015 (Roskov Y., Abucay L., Orrell T., Nicolson D., Kunze T., Flann C., Bailly N., Kirk P., Bourgoin T., DeWalt R.E., Decock W., De Wever A., eds). Digital resource at Species 2000: Naturalis, Leiden, the Netherlands. ISSN 2405-8858.
  • McClintock J.B., Pearse J.S. & Bosch I. 1988. Population structure and energetics of the shallow-water Antarctic sea star Odontaster validus in contrasting habitats. Marine Biology 99, 235-246.
  • McClintock, J., R. Angus, C. Ho, C. Amsler, B. Baker. 2008. A laboratory study of behavioral interactions of the Antarctic keystone sea star Odontaster validus with three sympatric predatory sea stars. Marine Biology Journals, 154: 1077-1084. Accessed March 20, 2012 at
  • Pearse J.S. 1969. Slow developing demersal embryos and larvae of the Antarctic sea star Odontaster validus. Marine Biology 3, 110-116.
  • Pearse J.S., Bosch I., McClintock J.B., Marinovic B. & Britton R. 1986. Contrasting tempos of reproduction by shallow-water animals in McMurdo Sound, Antarctica. Antarct J. US 31, 182?184.
  • Pearse, J. 1963. The Reproductive Cycle of the Antarctic Asteroid, Odontaster validus Koehler. XVI International Congress of Zoology, 1: 111. Accessed March 28, 2012 at
  • Stanwell-Smith, D., A. Clarke. 1998. Seasonality of reproduction in the cushion star Odontaster validus at Signy Island, Antarctica. Marine Biology Journals, 131/3: 479-487. Accessed March 20, 2012 at


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