Regularity: Regularly occurring
Localities documented in Tropicos sources
United States (North America)
Note: This information is based on publications available through Tropicos and may not represent the entire distribution. Tropicos does not categorize distributions as native or non-native.
- Anonymous. 1986. List-Based Rec., Soil Conserv. Serv., U.S.D.A. Database of the U.S.D.A., Beltsville. http://www.tropicos.org/Reference/1103
Global Range: Historic range: ENDEMIC TO NORTH HAWAII ISLAND.
Comments: Probably moist forests.
Number of Occurrences
Note: For many non-migratory species, occurrences are roughly equivalent to populations.
Estimated Number of Occurrences: 0 - 5
Comments: KNOWN FROM ONLY 3 HISTORICAL RECORDS, LAST COLLECTED IN 1800'S.
National NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded National Status Rank: NH - Possibly Extirpated
NatureServe Conservation Status
Rounded Global Status Rank: GH - Possibly Extinct
Reasons: This species is known only from a couple of specimens collected in the the 1800's from the northeastern section of the island of Hawaii. Much of the moist forest there has been destroyed by agriculture. The major threats to the remaining moist forests include pigs, cattle, and alien plants.
Comments: THREATS UNKNOWN.
Biological Research Needs: UNKNOWN.
Names and Taxonomy
Comments: GENUS OF 9 ENDEMIC SPECIES, SPECIES ENDEMIC TO ISLAND OF HAWAII.