Scientists aim to describe a single 'tree of life' that reflects the evolutionary relationships of living things. However, evolutionary relationships are a matter of ongoing discovery, and there are different opinions about how living things should be grouped and named. EOL reflects these differences by supporting several different scientific 'classifications'. Some species have been named more than once. Such duplicates are listed under synonyms. EOL also provides support for common names which may vary across regions as well as languages.

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Preferred marks the preferred classification for this taxon.

Recognized By Rank Classification
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013
view in classification
Species
Indiana Dunes
  • Mahonia aquifolium
BOLDS resource for species-level taxa
BioImages resource Species
Bioimages XML for EOL harvest
  • Mahonia aquifolium
Biopix
Botany resource
Botany resource
CABI Invasive Species Compendium
  • Mahonia aquifolium
CalPhotos
  • Berberis aquifolium
CalPhotos
  • Berberis aquifolium var. aquifolium
DiscoverLife map resource
  • Berberis aquifolium
DiscoverLife map resource
  • Mahonia aquifolium
EOL Group on Flickr
EOL Group on Flickr
EOL Group on Flickr
Environments
Environments
FieldScope
  • Mahonia aquifolium
Flora Helvetica - second 1000
  • Mahonia aquifolium
GBIF Elevation Data Species
Global Biotic Interactions Species
Global Compendium of Weeds Species
  • Berberis aquifolium
Go Botany: New England Wild Flower Society
Go Botany: New England Wild Flower Society
IABIN resource
BOLDS resource for species-level taxa
BioLib.cz Import
Initial Biolib.de Import
  • Mahonia aquifolium
Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)
view in classification
Species
Inventaire National du Patrimoine Naturel Species
Inventaire National du Patrimoine Naturel Species
Inventaire National du Patrimoine Naturel Species
Inventaire National du Patrimoine Naturel Species
NCBI Taxonomy
view in classification
Species
National Wetland Plant List 2013
NatureServe resource Species
Flora Helvetica
Plants of Switzerland by Flora Helvetica
  • Mahonia aquifolium
AuGaLa Laubgehölze
  • Mahonia aquifolium
Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013
view in classification
Species
Synonymie-Index der Schweizer Flora und der angrenzenden Gebiete (SISF).
TaxonConcept.org outlinks
  • Mahonia aquifolium
USDA PLANTS Structured Data
  • Mahonia aquifolium
USDA Plants
Wikimedia Commons
Wikipedia
Wikipedia
eFloras
iNaturalist Images Species
iNaturalist Images Species
iSpot links Species
  • Mahonia aquifolium

Disclaimer

EOL content is automatically assembled from many different content providers. As a result, from time to time you may find pages on EOL that are confusing.

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