The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1.  Agee, James K.; Finney, Mark; DeGouvenain, Roland. 1990. Forest fire        history of Desolation Peak, Washington. Canadian Journal of Forest        Research. 20: 350-356.  [11035]
  • 10.  Bovey, Rodney W. 1977. Response of selected woody plants in the United        States to herbicides. Agric. Handb. 493. Washington, DC: U.S. Department        of Agriculture, Agricultural Research Service. 101 p.  [8899]
  • 100.  Kartesz, J. T.; The Biota of North America Program (BONAP). 2011.        North American plant atlas, [Online]
  • 102. Flora of North America Editorial Committee, eds. 2012. Flora of North        America north of Mexico, [Online]
  • 103. The Jepson Herbarium. 2012. Jepson online interchange for California        floristics, [Online]
  • 11.  Brockway, Dale G.; Topik, Christopher; Hemstrom, Miles A.; Emmingham,        William H. 1985. Plant association and management guide for the Pacific        silver fir zone: Gifford Pinchot National Forest. R6-Ecol-130a.        Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific        Northwest Region. 122 p.  [525]
  • 12.  Brown, Ellsworth R. 1961. The black-tailed deer of western Washington.        Biological Bulletin No. 13. [Place of publication unknown]
  • 14.  Clary, Warren P. 1983. Overstory-understory relationships: spruce-fir        forests. In: Bartlett, E. T.; Betters, David R., eds.        Overstory-understory relationships in Western forests. Western Regional        Research Publication No. 1. Fort Collins, CO: Colorado State University        Experiment Station: 9-12.  [3310]
  • 15.  Durand, Herbert K. 1972. Texas mahonia - a neglected economic plant.        Economic Botany. 26(4): 319-325.  [10483]
  • 16.  Dyrness, C. T. 1965. The effect of logging and slash burning on        understory vegetation in the H. J. Andrews Experimental Forest. Res.        Note PNW-31. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest        Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station. 13 p.        [4939]
  • 17.  Dyrness, C. T. 1973. Early stages of plant succession following logging        and burning in the western Cascades of Oregon. Ecology. 54(1): 57-69.        [7345]
  • 18.  Dyrness, C. T.; Franklin, J. F.; Moir, W. H. 1974. A preliminary        classification of forest communities in the central portion of the        western Cascades in Oregon. Bulletin No. 4. Seattle, WA: University of        Washington, Ecosystem Analysis Studies, Coniferous Forest Biome. 123 p.        [8480]
  • 1996. database, NODC Taxonomic Code
  • 1996. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 2.  Agee, James K.; Kertis, Jane. 1987. Forest types of the North Cascades        National Park Service Complex. Canadian Journal of Botany. 65:        1520-1530.  [6327]
  • 20.  Fonda, R. W. 1979. Fire resilient forests of Douglas-fir in Olympic        National Park: a hypothesis. In: Linn, Robert M., ed. Proceedings, 1st        conference on scientific research in the National Parks, Vol. 2; 1976        November 9-12; New Orleans, LA. NPS Transactions and Proceedings No. 5.        Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, National Park Service:        1239-1242.  [6698]
  • 2000. database, The PLANTS Database
  • 21.  Franklin, Jerry Forest. 1966. Vegetation and soils in the subalpine        forests of the southern Washington Cascade Range. Pullman, WA:        Washington State University. 132 p. Thesis.  [10392]
  • 23.  Franklin, Jerry F. 1983. Ecology of noble fir. In: Oliver, Chadwick        Dearing; Kenady, Reid M., eds. Proceedings of the biology and management        of true fir in the  Pacific Northwest symposium; 1981 February 24-26;        Seattle-Tacoma, WA. Contribution No. 45. Seattle, WA: University of        Washington, College of Forest Resources: 59-69.  [7783]
  • 24.  Franklin, Jerry F.; Dyrness, C. T. 1973. Natural vegetation of Oregon        and Washington. Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-8. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range        Experiment Station. 417 p.  [961]
  • 26.  Garrison, George A.; Smith, Justin G. 1974. Habitat of grazing animals.        In: Cramer, Owen P., ed. Environmental effects of forest residues        management in the Pacific Northwest: A state-of-knowledge compendium.        Gen. Tech. Rep. PNW-24. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture,        Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range Experiment Station:        P-1 to P-10.  [7164]
  • 27.  Gashwiler, Jay S. 1970. Further study of conifer seed survival in a        western Oregon clearcut. Ecology. 51(5): 849-854.  [13081]
  • 28.  Green, R. N.; Courtin, P. J.; Klinka, K.; [and others]
  • 3.  Atzet, Thomas. 1979. Description and classification of the forests of        the upper Illinois River drainage of southwestern Oregon. Corvallis, OR:        Oregon State University. 211 p. Dissertation.  [6452]
  • 30.  Habeck, James R. 1961. The original vegetation of the mid-Willamette        Valley, Oregon. Northwest Science. 35: 65-77.  [11419]
  • 31.  Hall, Frederick C. 1984. Ecoclass coding system for the Pacific        Northwest plant associations. R6 Ecol 173-1984. Portland, OR: U.S.        Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region. 83        p.  [7650]
  • 32.  Halpern, C. B. 1989. Early successional patterns of forest species:        interactions of life history traits and disturbance. Ecology. 70(3):        704-720.  [6829]
  • 33.  Halpern, Charles B.; Franklin, Jerry F. 1989. Understory development in        Pseudotsuga forests: multiple paths of succession. In: Ferguson, Dennis        E.; Morgan, Penelope; Johnson, Frederic D., compilers. Proceedings--land        classifications based on vegetation: applications for resource        management; 1987 November 17-19; Moscow, ID. Gen. Tech. Rep. INT-257.        Ogden, UT: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Intermountain        Research Station: 293-297.  [6961]
  • 34.  Halpern, Charles B.; Harmon, Mark E. 1983. Early plant succession on the        Muddy River mudflow, Mount St. Helens, Washington. American Midland        Naturalist. 110(1): 97-106.  [8870]
  • 35.  Halverson, Nancy M., compiler. 1986. Major indicator shrubs and herbs on        National Forests of western Oregon and southwestern Washington.        R6-TM-229. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Pacific Northwest Region. 180 p.  [3233]
  • 37.  Harcombe, Andrew; Pendergast, Bruce; Petch, Bruce; Janz, Doug. 1983. Elk        Habitat management: Salmon River Valley. MOE Working Report 1. 83-05-10.        Victoria, BC: Ministry of the Environment. 83 p.  [9984]
  • 38.  Hawk, Glenn M. 1979. Vegetation mapping and community description of a        small western Cascade watershed. Northwest Science. 53(3): 200-212.        [8677]
  • 39.  Christensen, Norman L.; Muller, Cornelius H. 1975. Relative importance        of factors controlling germination and seedling survival in Adenostoma        chaparral. American Midland Naturalist. 93(1): 71-78.  [9689]
  • 4.  Atzet, Thomas; Wheeler, David L. 1982. Historical and ecological        perspectives on fire activity in the Klamath Geological Province of the        Rogue River and Siskiyou National Forests. Portland, OR: U.S. Department        of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region. 16 p.  [6252]
  • 41.  Hemstrom, Miles A.; Emmingham, W. H.; Halverson, Nancy M.; [and others]
  • 42.  Hemstrom, Miles A.; Logan, Sheila E. 1986. Plant association and        management guide: Siuslaw National Forest. R6-Ecol 220-1986a. Portland,        OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest        Region. 121 p.  [10321]
  • 43.  Hemstrom, Miles A.; Logan, Sheila E.; Pavlat, Warren. 1987. Plant        association and management guide: Willamette National Forest. R6-Ecol        257-B-86. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service,        Pacific Northwest Region. 312 p.  [13402]
  • 44.  Hines, William Wester. 1971. Plant communities in the old-growth forests        of north coastal Oregon. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University. 146 p.        Thesis.  [10399]
  • 45.  Hines, William W.; Land, Charles E. 1974. Black-tailed deer and        Douglas-fir regeneration in the Coast Range of Oregon. In: Black, Hugh        C., ed. Wildlife and forest management in the Pacific Northwest:        Proceedings of a symposium; 1973 September 11-12; Corvallis, OR.        Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University, School of Forestry, Forest        Research Laboratory: 121-132.  [7999]
  • 46.  Hitchcock, C. Leo; Cronquist, Arthur. 1964. Vascular plants of the        Pacific Northwest. Part 2: Salicaceae to Saxifragaceae. Seattle, WA:        University of Washington Press. 597 p.  [1166]
  • 47.  Hitchcock, C. Leo; Cronquist, Arthur. 1973. Flora of the Pacific        Northwest. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press. 730 p.  [1168]
  • 48.  Huff, Mark Hamilton. 1984. Post-fire succession in the Olympic        Mountains, Washington: forest vegetation, fuels, and avifauna. Seattle,        WA: University of Washington. 235 p. Dissertation.  [9248]
  • 49.  Ingram, Douglas C. 1931. Vegetative changes and grazing use on        Douglas-fir cut-over land. Journal of Agricultural Research. 43(5):        387-417.  [8877]
  • 5.  Atzet, Thomas; Wheeler, David L. 1984. Preliminary plant associations of        the Siskiyou Mountain Province. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region. 278 p.  [9351]
  • 51.  Kelpsas, B. R. 1978. Comparative effects of chemical, fire, and machine        site preparation in an Oregon coastal brushfield. Corvallis, OR: Oregon        State University. 97 p. Thesis.  [6986]
  • 53.  Kienholz, Raymond. 1929. Revegetation after logging and burning in the        Douglas-fir region of western Washington. Illinois State Academy of        Science. 21: 94-108.  [8764]
  • 54.  Klinka, K.; Krajina, V. J.; Ceska, A.; Scagel, A. M. 1989. Indicator        plants of coastal British Columbia. Vancouver, BC: University of British        Columbia Press. 288 p.  [10703]
  • 55.  Kohn, H.; Hatheway, W. H.; Witt, J. A. 1979. Mahonia `Arthur Menzies'        supercools--probably. University of Washington Arboretum Bulletin.        42(4): 7-9.  [10332]
  • 56.  Kruckeberg, A. R. 1982. Gardening with native plants of the Pacific        Northwest. Seattle: University of Washington Press. 252 p.  [9980]
  • 58.  Lafferty, R. R. 1972. Regeneration and plant succession as related to fire        intensity on clear-cut logged areas in coastal cedar-hemlock type: an        interim report. Internal Report BC-33. Victoria, BC: Department of the        Environment, Canadian Forestry Service, Pacific Forest Research Centre.        Unpublished report on file with: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest        Service, Intermountain Research Station, Fire Sciences Lab, Missoula, MT.        129 p.  [9985]
  • 6.  Atzet, Tom; Wheeler, David; Smith, Brad; [and others]
  • 60.  Lenihan, James M. 1990. Forest ass. of Little Lost Man Creek, Humboldt        Co., CA: reference-level in the hierarchical structure of old-growth        coastal redwood vegetation. Madrono. 37(2): 69-87.  [10673]
  • 63.  Martin, Alexander C.; Zim, Herbert S.; Nelson, Arnold L. 1951. American        wildlife and plants. New York: McGraw-Hill Book Company, Inc. 500 p.        [4021]
  • 65.  Miller, Margaret M.; Miller, Joseph W. 1976. Succession after wildfire        in the North Cascades National Park complex. In: Proceedings, annual        Tall Timbers fire ecology conference: Pacific Northwest; 1974 October        16-17; Portland, OR. No. 15. Tallahassee, FL: Tall Timbers Research        Station: 71-83.  [6574]
  • 66.  Minore, Don. 1972. A classification of forest environments in the South        Umpqua Basin. Res. Pap. PNW-129. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Forest and Range        Experiment Station. 28 p.  [1660]
  • 67.  Mitchell, John E. 1983. Overstory-understory relationships: Douglas-fir        forests. In: Bartlett, E. T.; Betters, David R., eds.        Overstory-understory relationships in western forests. Western Regional        Res. Publ. No. 1. Fort Collins, CO: Colorado State University Experiment        Station: 27-34.  [3314]
  • 68.  Moir, W. H.; Hobson, F. D.; Hemstrom, M.; Franklin, J. F. 1979. Forest        ecosystems of Mount Rainier National Park. In: Linn, Robert M., ed.        Proceedings, 1st conference on scientific research in the National        Parks: Vol I; 1976 Nov. 9-12; New Orleans, LA. National Park Service        Transactions and Proceedings Series No. 5. Washington, DC: U.S.        Department of the Interior, National Park Service: 201-207.  [1674]
  • 69.  Munz, Philip A. 1973. A California flora and supplement. Berkeley, CA:        University of California Press. 1905 p.  [6155]
  • 7.  Bailey, Arthur Wesley. 1966. Forest associations and secondary        succession in the southern Oregon Coast Range. Corvallis, OR: Oregon        State University. 166 p. Thesis.  [5786]
  • 70.  Norton, H. H.; Hunn, E. S.; Martinsen, C. S.; Keely, P. B. 1984.        Vegetable food products of the foraging economies of the Pacific        Northwest. Ecology of Food and Nutrition. 14(3): 219-228.  [10327]
  • 71.  Ossinger, Mary C. 1983. The Pseudotsuga-Tsuga/Rhododendron community in        the northeast Olympic Mountains. Bellingham, WA: Western Washington        University. 50 p. Thesis.  [11435]
  • 73.  Roach, A. W. 1952. Phytosociology of the Nash Crater lava flows, Linn        County, Oregon. Ecological Monographs. 22: 169-193.  [8759]
  • 74.  Roberts, Catherine Anne. 1975. Initial plant succession after brown and        burn site preparation on an alder-dominated brushfield in the Oregon        Coast Range. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University. 90 p. Thesis.        [9786]
  • 75.  Rudolf, Paul O. 1974. Berberis L.  barberry, mahonia. In: Schopmeyer, C.        S., technical coordinator. Seeds of woody plants in the United States.        Agric. Handb. 450. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of Agriculture,        Forest Service: 247-251.  [7423]
  • 76.  Russel, D. W. 1974. The life history of vine maple on the H. J. Andrews        Experimental Forest. Corvallis, OR: Oregon State University. 167 p.        Thesis.  [4974]
  • 78.  Sawyer, John O.; Thornburgh, Dale A.; Griffin, James R. 1977. Mixed        evergreen forest. In: Barbour, Michael G.; Major, Jack, eds. Terrestrial        vegetation of California. New York: John Wiley and Sons: 359-381.        [7218]
  • 79.  Schoonmaker, Peter; McKee, Arthur. 1988. Species composition and        diversity during secondary succession of coniferous forests in the        western Cascade Mountains of Oregon. Forest Science. 34(4): 960-979.        [6214]
  • 80.  Smith, Nevin. 1987. Growing natives: the mahonias, Part I. Fremontia.        14(4): 27-29.  [10403]
  • 81.  Smith, Nevin. 1987. Growing natives: the mahonias, Part II. Fremontia.        15(1): 27-28.  [10402]
  • 82.  Sonnenfeld, Nancy L. 1987. A guide to the vegetative communities at the        Valley of the Giants, Outstanding Natural Area, northwestern Oregon,        USA. Arboricultural Journal. 11: 209-225.  [7453]
  • 83.  Steen, Harold K. 1966. Vegetation following slash fires in one western        Oregon locality. Northwest Science. 40(3): 113-120.  [5671]
  • 84.  Thornburgh, Dale. 1990. Picea breweriana Wats.  Brewer spruce. In:        Burns, Russell M.; Honkala, Barbara H., technical coordinators. Silvics        of North America. Volume 1. Conifers. Agric. Handb. 654. Washington, DC:        U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service: 181-186.  [13383]
  • 85.  Topik, Christopher; Halverson, Nancy M.; Brockway, Dale G. 1986. Plant        association and management guide for the western hemlock zone: Gifford        Pichot National Forest. R6-ECOL-230A. Portland, OR: U.S. Department of        Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest Region. 132 p.  [2351]
  • 87.  Van Dersal, William R. 1938. Native woody plants of the United States,        their erosion-control and wildlife values. Washington, DC: U.S.        Department of Agriculture. 362 p.  [4240]
  • 88.  Voth, Elver H.; Maser, Chris; Johnson, Murray L. 1983. Food habits of        Arborimus albipes, the white-footed vole, in Oregon. Northwest Science.        57(1): 1-7.  [9122]
  • 89.  Waring, R. H. 1969. Forest plants of the eastern Siskiyous: their        environment and vegetational distribution. Northwest Science. 43(1):        1-17.  [9047]
  • 90.  Whittaker, R. H. 1960. Vegetation of the Siskiyou Mountains, Oregon and        California. Ecological Monographs. 30(3): 279-338.  [6836]
  • 91.  Yerkes, Vern P. 1960. Occurrence of shrubs and herbaceous vegetation        after clear cutting old-growth Douglas-fir. Res. Pap. PNW-34. Portland,        OR: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Pacific Northwest        Forest and Range Experiment Station. 12 p.  [8937]
  • 94.  King, R. Dennis; Bendell, James F. 1982. Foods selected by blue grouse        (Dendragapus obscurus fuliginosus). Canadian Journal of Zoology. 60(12):        3268-3281.  [10169]
  • 95.  Ahrendt, Leslie Walter Allan. 1961. Berberis and Mahonia. A taxonomic        revision. Journal of the Linnean Society of London. 57(369): 1-410.        [9098]
  • 99.  Hickman, James C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: Higher plants of        California. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 1400 p.        [21992]
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