Data about <i>Rudbeckia laciniata</i>

TraitBank assembles data records from many providers. Select a row for more details about the record, or search within Rudbeckia laciniata.

Distribution

Data about <i>Rudbeckia laciniata</i>
Native range includes
Additional detail Canada USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail Lower 48 United States of America USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Geographic distribution
    A description of the geographic distribution, or range, of the taxon. Includes descriptions of global, regional, or political aspects of range and whether the taxon is native or introduced in portions of the range and endemicity.
    http://rs.tdwg.org/ontology/voc/SPMInfoItems#Distribution
Geographic distribution
Additional detail Asia - China Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Manitoba Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Quebec Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - Canada - Saskatchewan Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Alabama Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Arizona Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Colorado Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Florida Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Georgia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Idaho Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Louisiana Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Maine Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Montana Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - North Carolina Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - South Carolina Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Tennessee Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Texas Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Virginia Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail North America - United States - Wyoming Missouri Botanical Garden  

Physical Description

Data about <i>Rudbeckia laciniata</i>
Flower color
Additional detail yellow
  • Yellow
    A color hue with medium wavelength of that portion of the visible spectrum lying between orange and green, evoked in the human observer by radiant energy with wavelengths of approximately 570 to 590 nanometers.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000324
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Leaf color
Additional detail gray-green USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit or seed color
Additional detail brown
  • Brown
    A color consisting of dark orange, red, of very low intensity.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000952
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Plant growth habit
    The general growth form of a plant - its size and branching - also its woodiness. Some plants have different growth habits depending on environment or location, so a plant can have more than one value.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PlantHabit
Plant growth habit
Additional detail forb/herb
  • Forb/herb
    Vascular plant without significant woody tissue above or at the ground. Forbs and herbs may be annual, biennial, or perennial but always lack significant thickening by secondary woody growth and have perennating buds borne at or below the ground surface. In the PLANTS Database (http://plants.usda.gov/), graminoids are excluded but ferns, horsetails, lycopods, and whisk-ferns are included.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/forbHerb
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail subshrub
  • Subshrub
    Low-growing shrub usually under 0.5 m (1.5 feet) tall, never exceeding 1 meter (3 feet) tall at maturity.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/subshrub
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Plant height average
Additional detail 1.52 m mature Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
median Additional detail 2.5 m mature USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shape
Additional detail erect
  • Erect
    A positional quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being upright in position or posture.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000622
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Primary growth form
    The primary growth form on the landscape in relation to soil stabilization on slopes and streamsides. Each plant species is assigned the single growth form that most enhances its ability to stabilize soil.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrimaryGrowthForm
Primary growth form
Additional detail rhizomatous
  • Rhizomatous
    Plant development by the production of rhizomes which give rise to vegetative spread.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/rhizomatous
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Foliage texture
Additional detail rough
  • Rough
    A texture quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's irregular surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000700
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Ecology

Data about <i>Rudbeckia laciniata</i>
  • Frost free days
    The average number of frost-free days within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FrostFreeDays
Frost free days min
Additional detail 100 days USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Precipitation tolerance
    Minimum tolerable rainfall (in inches), expressed as the average annual minimum precipitation that occurs 20% of the time (i.e., the probability of it being this dry in any given year is 20%) at the driest climate station within the known geographical range of the plant. geographical range of the plant. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/PrecipitationTolerance
Precipitation tolerance min
Additional detail 38.1 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 1.4 m USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Soil depth
    The minimum depth of soil required for good growth. Plants that do not have roots such as rootless aquatic plants (floating or submerged) and epiphytes are assigned a minimum root depth value of zero.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilDepth
Soil depth min
Additional detail 30.48 cm USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Low temperature tolerance
    The minimum tolerable temperature is the lowest temperature recorded in the plant’s historical range. If this is not available, the record low January temperature recorded at climate stations within the current geographical range of the plant is used. This definition does not apply to summer annuals.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/TemperatureTolerance
Low temperature tolerance min
Additional detail -38.9 degrees Celsius USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Habitat
Additional detail cliff Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail flood plain
  • Flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail flood plain
  • Flood plain
    An area which is subject to periodic flooding.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000255
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail forest
  • Forest
    An area with a high density of trees. A small forest may be called a wood.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000111
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail garden
  • Garden
    An enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000011
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail garden
  • Garden
    An enclosure for displaying selected plant or animal life.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000011
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail Large river biome Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail meadow
  • Meadow
    A habitat of rolling or flat terrain where grasses predominate. Typically, what is called a meadow has more biodiversity than a grassland as the former contains not only grasses but a significant variety of annual, biennial and perennial plants.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000108
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail non-marine IRMNG  
Additional detail pasture
  • Pasture
    Grassland used for grazing of ungulate livestock as part of a farm or ranch.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000266
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail plain
  • Plain
    A region of general uniform slope, comparatively level, and of considerable extent.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000086
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail river bank
  • River bank
    The sloping margin of a river, serving to confine it to its natural channel.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000143
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail soil
  • Soil
    Any material within 2 m from the Earth's surface that is in contact with the atmosphere, with the exclusion of living organisms, areas with continuous ice not covered by other material, and water bodies deeper than 2 m.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00001998
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail stream
  • Stream
    Linear body of water flowing on the Earth's surface.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000023
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail wet woodland Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail wetland
  • Wetland
    An area that is inundated or saturated by surface or ground water at a frequency and duration sufficient to support, and that under normal circumstances do support, a prevalence of vegetation typically adapted for life in saturated soil conditions.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/ENVO_00000043
Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
Additional detail woodland Environments - EOL project  
  • Wetland Indicator Status (NWPL)
    Five indicator statuses, or ratings, are used in the United States National Wetland Plant List to designate a plant species’ preference for occurrence in a wetland or upland: Upland (UPL), Facultative Upland (FACU), Facultative (FAC), Facultative Wetland (FACW), and Obligate Wetland (OBL). The statuses represent the estimated probability of a species occurring in wetlands versus nonwetlands in a region.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/WetlandIndicatorStatus
Wetland Indicator Status (NWPL)
Additional detail Facultative National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
Additional detail Facultative Wetland
  • Facultative Wetland
    Hydrophyte. Usually occur in wetlands, but may occur in non-wetlands.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nwpl_facw
National Wetland Plant List  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWith
Interacts with
Additional detail A Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Callirhoe Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Callirhoe Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Callirhoe Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Callirhoe Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cellophane Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Halictid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Halictid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Leaf-cutter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Leaf-cutter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Leaf-cutter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Mining Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Small Carpenter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Sweat Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Allograpta obliqua GloBI  
Additional detail Ammophila kennedyi GloBI  
Additional detail Ammophila nigricans GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Andrenine Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Armyworm Moth GloBI  
Additional detail Augochlorella striata GloBI  
Additional detail Azures GloBI  
Additional detail Bee Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Bembix americana GloBI  
Additional detail Blowflies GloBI  
Additional detail Blues and Coppers GloBI  
Additional detail Bombus (Bombus) Latreille 1802 GloBI  
Additional detail Bumble Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Camouflaged Looper GloBI  
Additional detail Carpenter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Ceratinini GloBI  
Additional detail Clear-wing Moths GloBI  
Additional detail Common Banded Hoverfly GloBI  
Additional detail Common Eastern Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Common Eupithecia Moth GloBI  
Additional detail Dingy Cutworm GloBI  
Additional detail Empis clausa GloBI  
Additional detail Epeolini GloBI  
Additional detail Eremnophila aureonotata GloBI  
Additional detail Eristalis dimidiata GloBI  
Additional detail Eristalis transversa GloBI  
Additional detail European Honey Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Eusiphona mira GloBI  
Additional detail Exoprosopa decora GloBI  
Additional detail Exoprosopa fasciata GloBI  
Additional detail Exoprosopa fascipennis GloBI  
Additional detail Flesh Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Freeloader Flies GloBI  
Additional detail Grasshopper Bee Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Great Spangled Fritillary GloBI  
Additional detail Hobomok Skipper GloBI  
Additional detail House Flies GloBI  
Additional detail Leafcutting Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Leafcutting Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Long-horned Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Lucilia illustris GloBI  
Additional detail Masked Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Megachilini GloBI  
Additional detail Melissodes rustica GloBI  
Additional detail Miltogramma argentifrons GloBI  
Additional detail Monarch GloBI  
Additional detail Mud Daubers GloBI  
Additional detail Panurgine Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Pearl Crescent GloBI  
Additional detail Plasterer Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Poecilanthrax alcyon GloBI  
Additional detail Poecilognathus punctipennis GloBI  
Additional detail Polites GloBI  
Additional detail Ramularia GloBI  
Additional detail Ramularia asteris GloBI  
Additional detail Red-spotted Purple GloBI  
Additional detail Sand Wasps GloBI  
Additional detail Scolia GloBI  
Additional detail Scoliid Wasps GloBI  
Additional detail Silvery Checkerspot GloBI  
Additional detail Small Mining Bees GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Plains Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Spallanzania hesperidarum GloBI  
Additional detail Sparnopolius confusus GloBI  
Additional detail Stable Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Svastra obliqua obliqua GloBI  
Additional detail Sweat Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Syritta pipiens GloBI  
Additional detail Tachinid Flies GloBI  
Additional detail Tachinomyia panaetius GloBI  
Additional detail Thick-headed Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Thread-waisted Wasps GloBI  
Additional detail Toxomerus geminatus GloBI  
Additional detail Tri-colored Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Trypetini GloBI  
Additional detail Uroleucon rudbeckiae GloBI  
Additional detail Variable Cuckoo Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Villa alternata GloBI  
Additional detail Wandering Bumblebee GloBI  
Additional detail Zodion fulvifrons GloBI  
  • Interacts with
    an organism has an effect on another organism in the community.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/interactsWithreverse
Interacts with
Additional detail A Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Callirhoe Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Callirhoe Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Callirhoe Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cellophane Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Cuckoo Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Halictid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Halictid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Leaf-cutter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Leaf-cutter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Leaf-cutter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Mining Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Small Carpenter Bee GloBI  
Additional detail A Sweat Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Allograpta obliqua GloBI  
Additional detail American Lady GloBI  
Additional detail Ammophila kennedyi GloBI  
Additional detail Ammophila nigricans GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail An Andrenid Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Armyworm Moth GloBI  
Additional detail Brown-belted Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Cabbage White Butterfly GloBI  
Additional detail Common Banded Hoverfly GloBI  
Additional detail Common Eastern Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Dingy Cutworm GloBI  
Additional detail Empis clausa GloBI  
Additional detail Eremnophila aureonotata GloBI  
Additional detail Eristalis dimidiata GloBI  
Additional detail Eristalis transversa GloBI  
Additional detail European Honey Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Eusiphona mira GloBI  
Additional detail Exoprosopa decora GloBI  
Additional detail Exoprosopa fasciata GloBI  
Additional detail Exoprosopa fascipennis GloBI  
Additional detail Grasshopper Bee Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Great Spangled Fritillary GloBI  
Additional detail Green-headed Coneflower GloBI  
Additional detail Green-headed Coneflower GloBI  
Additional detail Leafcutting Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Lucilia illustris GloBI  
Additional detail Miltogramma argentifrons GloBI  
Additional detail Monarch GloBI  
Additional detail Poecilanthrax alcyon GloBI  
Additional detail Poecilognathus punctipennis GloBI  
Additional detail Ramularia asteris GloBI  
Additional detail Ramularia asteris GloBI  
Additional detail Silvery Checkerspot GloBI  
Additional detail Southern Plains Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Spallanzania hesperidarum GloBI  
Additional detail Sparnopolius confusus GloBI  
Additional detail Spring/summer Azure GloBI  
Additional detail Stable Fly GloBI  
Additional detail Svastra obliqua obliqua GloBI  
Additional detail Syritta pipiens GloBI  
Additional detail Tachinomyia panaetius GloBI  
Additional detail Tawny-edged Skipper GloBI  
Additional detail Toxomerus geminatus GloBI  
Additional detail Tri-colored Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Variable Cuckoo Bumble Bee GloBI  
Additional detail Villa alternata GloBI  
Additional detail Wandering Bumblebee GloBI  
Additional detail Yellow-collared Scape Moth GloBI  
Additional detail Zodion fulvifrons GloBI  
  • Has predator
    is consumed for energetic or other nutritional needs (by another organism)
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/HasPredator
Has predator
Additional detail Silvery Checkerspot GloBI  
Elevation min
Additional detail 27 m Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
max Additional detail 2,745 m Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
median Additional detail 76 m Smithsonian National Museum of Natural History Department of Botany  
Fire resistance
Additional detail is not fire resistant USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Allelopathic effect
    This is an assay of any direct or indirect, harmful or beneficial effect of one plant on another through the production of chemical compounds (allelochemicals) that escape in the environment.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/TO_0000624
Allelopathic effect
Additional detail no known allelopathy
  • No known allelopathy
    There is no evidence that the organism produces compounds (allelochemicals) that influence the growth, survival, and reproduction of other organisms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/allelopathyUnknown
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Soil requirements
Additional detail adapted to coarse textured soils
  • Adapted to coarse textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a coarse textured surface layer. Includes: Sand, Coarse sand, Fine sand, Loamy coarse sand, Loamy fine sand, Loamy very fine sand, Very fine sand, Loamy sand.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coarseSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail adapted to fine textured soils
  • Adapted to fine textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a fine textured surface layer. Includes: Sandy clay, Silty clay, Clay.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fineSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail adapted to medium textured soils
  • Adapted to medium textured soils
    This plan can establish and grow in soil with a medium textured surface layer. Includes: Silt, Sandy clay loam, Very fine sandy loam, Silty clay loam, Silt loam, Loam, Fine sandy loam, Sandy loam, Coarse sandy loam.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/mediumSoilYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail needs wet to average soils Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Anaerobic soil tolerance
Additional detail low tolerance
  • Low tolerance
    decreased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's decreased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002394
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Drought tolerance
Additional detail high tolerance
  • High tolerance
    increased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's increased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002393
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Calcareous soil tolerance
    The relative tolerance of the plant to calcareous soil. Calcareous soil is defined as soil containing sufficient free CaCO3 and other carbonates to effervesce visibly or audibly when treated with cold 0.1M HCl. These soils usually contain from 10 to almost 1000g/kg CaCO3 equivalent.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/CalcareousSoilTolerance
Calcareous soil tolerance
Additional detail medium (normal)
  • Medium (normal)
    Average. A quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's exhibiting no deviation from normal or average.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0000461
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Moisture use
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Salt tolerance
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shade tolerance
Additional detail high tolerance
  • High tolerance
    increased tolerance to: A tolerance quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's increased ability to endure a stimulus.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0002393
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail needs shade Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

Life History and Behavior

Data about <i>Rudbeckia laciniata</i>
Life cycle habit
Additional detail perennial
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail perennial
  • Perennial
    Of plant duration, a plant whose life span extends over more than two growing seasons, c.f. annual, biennial, ephemeral, of flowering with respect to architecture, hapaxanthic, monocarpic, pleonanthic
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/perennial
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Shedability
Additional detail deciduous
  • Deciduous
    Deciduous (plant): A quality inhering in a plant by virtue of the bearer's disposition to shed foliage.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001731
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Bloom period
Additional detail late summer
  • Late summer
    The late part of the season between the summer solstice and the autumnal equinox.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lateSummer
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Active growth period
Additional detail spring
  • Spring
    The season between the vernal equinox and the summer solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94731
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Growth rate
Additional detail fast USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
After harvest regrowth rate
Additional detail moderate
  • Moderate
    Moderate rate. A rate which is neither relatively high nor low.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moderateRate
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Life span
Additional detail low life span
  • Low life span
    Decreased life span: A life span which is relatively low.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/PATO_0001604
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Grass growth type
Additional detail not a low growing grass
  • Not a low growing grass
    The growing point (terminal meristem) of the vegetative grass tiller does not remain at or near the crown.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowGrowingGrassNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Resprout ability after clipping
Additional detail will not resprout
  • Will not resprout
    The plant will not resprout following top (above ground biomass) removal.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/ResproutNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Germination requirements
Additional detail cold stratification not required
  • Cold stratification not required
    Cold stratification does not significantly increasesthe seed germination percentage of this plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coldStratificationNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fire tolerance
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit/seed abundance
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed period end
Additional detail autumn
  • Autumn
    The season between the autumnal equinox and the winter solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94733
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed period begin
Additional detail autumn
  • Autumn
    The season between the autumnal equinox and the winter solstice.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C94733
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Fruit/seed persistence
Additional detail fruit/seed is persistent
  • Fruit/seed is persistent
    The fruit or seed is persistent on the plant.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitPersistentYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seeds per pound average
Additional detail 252,222 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed spread rate
Additional detail slow USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seedling survival
Additional detail medium
  • Medium
    Mid-way between small and large in number, quantity, magnitude or extent.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C49507
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Vegetative spread rate
Additional detail moderate
  • Moderate
    Moderate rate. A rate which is neither relatively high nor low.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/moderateRate
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed ripening date
Additional detail September
  • September
    The ninth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106188
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Bloom period begin
Additional detail August
  • August
    The eighth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106187
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Bloom period end
Additional detail September
  • September
    The ninth month of the year in the Gregorian calendar.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C106188
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Seed per unit average
Additional detail 15,000 per ounce Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

Physiology and Cell Biology

Data about <i>Rudbeckia laciniata</i>
  • Soil pH
    The soil pH, of the top 12 inches of soil, within the plant’s known geographical range. For cultivars, the geographical range is defined as the area to which the cultivar is well adapted rather than marginally adapted.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/SoilPH
Soil pH min
Additional detail 4.5 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
max Additional detail 7 USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Nitrogen fixation
    The process in which nitrogen is taken from its relatively inert molecular form (N2) in the atmosphere and converted into nitrogen compounds useful for other chemical processes, such as ammonia, nitrate and nitrogen dioxide.
    http://purl.obolibrary.org/obo/GO_0009399
Nitrogen fixation
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Primary macronutrient requirements
Additional detail low
  • Low
    A minimum level or position or degree; less than normal in degree, intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C54722
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  

Conservation

Data about <i>Rudbeckia laciniata</i>
Extinction status
Additional detail extant IRMNG  

Relevance to Humans and Ecosystems

Data about <i>Rudbeckia laciniata</i>
Livestock bloat potential
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Horticulture
Additional detail flower is conspicuous
  • Flower is conspicuous
    Flowers are conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/flowerConspicuousYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail fruit/seed is not conspicuous
  • Fruit/seed is not conspicuous
    The fruit or seed is not conspicuous from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fruitSeedConspicuousNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail is fall conspicuous
  • Is fall conspicuous
    The leaves or fruits are conspicuous during Autumn from a landscaping aesthetics standpoint.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fallConspicuousYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
  • Not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture
    The plant is not suitable for the coppice method of silviculture. Coppicing completely removes the canopy of woody plants, cutting them at or just above ground level.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/coppicePotentialNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Foliage porosity winter
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the winter months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorosityWinter
Foliage porosity winter
Additional detail dense (low porosity)
  • Dense (low porosity)
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being incapable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowPorosity
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
  • Foliage porosity summer
    Indicates the porosity (coverage) of the foliage during the summer months. Foliage porosity is an important factor when trees or shrubs are used as windbreaks for the protection of crops and livestock shelters. Denser (or less porous) foliage allows more wind to pass through.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/FoliagePorositySummer
Foliage porosity summer
Additional detail dense (low porosity)
  • Dense (low porosity)
    A porosity quality inhering in a bearer by virtue of the bearer's being incapable of admitting the passage of gas or liquid through pores or interstices.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lowPorosity
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Human/livestock toxicity
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Hedge tolerance
Additional detail none USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Planting density max
Additional detail 10,912 per acre USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
min Additional detail 2,728 per acre USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Commercial availability
Additional detail routinely available
  • Routinely available
    The plant is routinely available commercially.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/routinelyAvailable
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Plant propagation method
Additional detail cold moist stratification
  • Cold moist stratification
    Cold moist stratification in a refrigerator in a plastic freezer bag.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagationColdMoistStrat
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail dry seed storage Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail not propogated by bare root
  • Not propogated by bare root
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as a bare root product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBareRootNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by bulbs
  • Not propogated by bulbs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as bulbs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByBulbsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by corms
  • Not propogated by corms
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as corms.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCormsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by cuttings
  • Not propogated by cuttings
    It is not practical to propagate this plant as either stem or root cuttings.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByCuttingsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by sod
  • Not propogated by sod
    This plant does not lend itself to being developed as a sod product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySodNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by sprigs
  • Not propogated by sprigs
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by sprigs.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySprigsNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not propogated by tubers
  • Not propogated by tubers
    It is not practical to propagate this plant by tubers.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByTubersNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by container
  • Propogated by container
    This plant lends itself to being developed as a container product.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedByContainerYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail propogated by seed
  • Propogated by seed
    It is practical to propagate this plant by seed.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/propagatedBySeedYes
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Grain type
Additional detail is not a small grain
  • Is not a small grain
    The plant is not a small grain. A small grain is a cereal (as wheat, oats, barley, rye, rice) having relatively small kernels or sometimes a relatively small plant as distinguished from a plant (as corn) with large kernels or sometimes from a cereal (as sorghum) with a large plant but small kernels or from a similarly cultured and used seed (as soybean) with a relatively small plant and large seeds.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/smallGrainNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Uses
Additional detail no berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
  • No berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits palatable to humans
    The plant does not produce berries, nuts, seeds, or fruits that are palatable to humans.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/palatableHumansNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
  • Not suitable as berry/nut/seed product
    This woody perennial is not suitable for the commercial production of either berries, nuts, or seeds. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/berryNutSeedNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as Christmas tree product
  • Not suitable as Christmas tree product
    The plant is not known to be suitable for the Christmas tree market.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/christmasTreeNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as lumber product
  • Not suitable as lumber product
    The plant is not suitable, and has no potential, for use as a commercial lumber producer.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/lumberNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as nursery stock product
  • Not suitable as nursery stock product
    This plant is not suitable for production of nursery stock.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/nurseryStockNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as post product
  • Not suitable as post product
    The tree or shrub is not commonly used and does not have high potential for the production of posts, poles, mine timbers, or railroad ties. Plants other than trees and shrubs are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/postProductNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as pulpwood product
  • Not suitable as pulpwood product
    The woody perennial is not commonly used and does not have high potential to be used for the production of pulpwood. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable" here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/pulpwoodNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable as veneer product
  • Not suitable as veneer product
    The tree is not commonly used and does not have high potential to be used for commercial veneer or plywood. Plants other than trees are scored “not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/veneerNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not suitable for naval store products
  • Not suitable for naval store products
    This woody perennial is not suitable for production of naval store products. Navel Store Products are defined as tar, pitch, turpentine, pine oil, rosin, and terpenes obtained from pine and other coniferous trees. Herbaceous plants are scored "not suitable” here by default.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/navalStoreNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Additional detail not used as fodder product
  • Not used as fodder product
    The plant is not known to be used as animal fodder material. The definition of fodder from the Crop Science Society of America is: Coarse grasses such as corn or sorghum harvested with the seed and leaves green or alive, then cured and fed in their entirety as forage.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/fodderNo
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Browse animal palatability
Additional detail high
  • High
    An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Graze animal palatability
Additional detail high
  • High
    An elevated level or position or degree; greater than normal in degree or intensity or amount.
    http://ncicb.nci.nih.gov/xml/owl/EVS/Thesaurus.owl#C25227
USDA NRCS PLANTS Database  
Seed/spore extraction
Additional detail grind hard dry fruit
  • Grind hard dry fruit
    Grind hard dry fruit in a leaf grinder or stomp under foot.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractGrind
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  
Additional detail shatter, rub, or beat soft dry fruit
  • Shatter, rub, or beat soft dry fruit
    Shatter soft dry fruit by hand or rub against coarse screen or beat with a rake or broom.
    http://eol.org/schema/terms/seedExtractSoft
Shaw Nature Reserve - A division of the Missouri Botanical Garden  

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