The following bibliography has been generated by bringing together all references provided by our content partners. There may be duplication.

References

  • 1. Airhart, Douglas L.; Falls, Kathleen M. 1988. Experiments with seed-grown sod as plant introduction technique described (Massachusetts). Restoration & Management Notes. 6(1): 51. [5558]
  • 10. Brown, David E. 1982. Montane meadow grassland. In: Brown, David E., ed. Biotic communities of the American Southwest--United States and Mexico. Desert Plants. 4(1-4): 113-114. [8895]
  • 11. Callow, J. Michael; Kantrud, Harold A.; Higgins, Kenneth F. 1992. First flowering dates and flowering periods of prairie plants at Woodworth, North Dakota. Prairie Naturalist. 24(2): 57-64. [20450]
  • 12. Clewell, Andre F. 1985. Guide to the vascular plants of the Florida Panhandle. Tallahassee, FL: Florida State University Press. 605 p. [13124]
  • 14. Conover, Denis G.; Geiger, Donald R. 1989. Establishment of a prairie on a borrow-pit at the Bergamo-Mt. St. John Nature Preserve in Greene County, Ohio. Ohio Journal of Science. 89(3): 42-44. [9744]
  • 15. Dickinson, Jeffrey A.; McKone, Mark J. 1992. Insect floral visitors to four species of tall-grass prairie compositae (Asteraceae: Heliantheae). Prairie Naturalist. 24(3): 159-174. [22209]
  • 16. Diekelmann, John; Howell, Evelyn A.; Harrington, John. 1986. An approach to residential landscaping with prairie. In: Clambey, Gary K.; Pemble, Richard H., eds. The prairie: past, present and future: Proceedings, 9th North American prairie conference; 1984 July 29 - August 1; Moorhead, MN. Fargo, ND: Tri-College University Center for Environmental Studies: 242-248. [3587]
  • 17. Dittberner, Phillip L.; Olson, Michael R. 1983. The plant information network (PIN) data base: Colorado, Montana, North Dakota, Utah, and Wyoming. FWS/OBS-83/86. Washington, DC: U.S. Department of the Interior, Fish and Wildlife Service. 786 p. [806]
  • 18. Dorn, Robert D. 1977. Flora of the Black Hills. [Place of publication unknown]
  • 19. Dorn, R. D. 1977. Manual of the vascular plants of Wyoming. New York: Garland Publ. 2 vols. [21082]
  • 2. Anderson, Roger C. 1972. The use of fire as a management tool on the Curtis Prairie. Arboretum News. Madison, WI: University of Wisconsin; 21(3): 1-9. [18377]
  • 20. Dyksterhuis, E. J. 1948. The vegetation of the western Cross Timbers. Ecological Monographs. 18(3): 326-376. [3683]
  • 21. Englund, Judy Voigt; Meyer, William J. 1986. The impact of deer on 24 species of prairie forbs. In: Clambey, Gary K.; Pemble, Richard H., eds. The prairie: past, present and future: Proceedings, 9th North American prairie conference; 1984 July 29 - August 1; Moorhead, MN. Fargo, ND: Tri-College University Center for Environmental Studies: 210-212. [3575]
  • 22. Evans, Francis C. 1986. Bee-flower interactions on an old field in southeastern Michigan. In: Clambey, Gary K.; Pemble, Richard H., eds. The prairie: past, present and future: Proceedings, 9th North American prairie conference; 1984 July 29 - August 1; Moorhead, MN. Fargo, ND: Tri-College University Center for Environmental Studies: 103-109. [3538]
  • 25. Gillen, Robert L.; McCollum, F. Ted; Hodges, Mark E.; [and others]
  • 26. Gleason, Henry A.; Cronquist, Arthur. 1991. Manual of vascular plants of northeastern United States and adjacent Canada. 2nd ed. New York: New York Botanical Garden. 910 p. [20329]
  • 27. Graves, James E.; McMurphy, Wilfred E. 1969. Burning and fertilization for range improvement in central Oklahoma. Journal of Range Management. 22(3): 165-168. [3717]
  • 28. Great Plains Flora Association. 1986. Flora of the Great Plains. Lawrence, KS: University Press of Kansas. 1392 p. [1603]
  • 29. Greene, H. C.; Curtis, J. T. 1950. Germination studies of Wisconsin prairie plants. American Midland Naturalist. 43(1): 186-194. [4086]
  • 3. Anderson, R. Scott. 1990. Modern pollen rain w/i and adjacent to two giant sequoia (Sequoiadendron giganteum) groves, Yosemite and Sequoia National Parks, California. Canadian Journal of Forest Research. 20: 1289-1305. [15166]
  • 30. Hacker, David; Renfro, James. 1992. Great Smoky Mountain plants studied for ozone sensitivity. Park Science. 12(1): 6-7. [17788]
  • 31. Halinar, Marlene. 1981. Germination studies and purity determinations on native Wisconsin prairie seeds. In: Stuckey, Ronald L.; Reese, Karen J., eds. The Prairie Peninsula--in the "shadow" of Transeau: Proceedings, 6th North American prairie conference; 1978 August 12-17; Columbus, OH. Ohio Biological Survey Biological Notes No. 15. Columbus, OH: Ohio State University, College of Biological Sciences: 227-231. [3433]
  • 32. Hardell, Julie; Morrison, Darrell G. 1983. Response of prairie species planted on iron ore tailings under different fertilization levels. In: Kucera, Clair L., ed. Proceedings, 7th North American prairie conference; 1980 August 4-6; Springfield, MO. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri: 287-292. [3230]
  • 33. Harrington, H. D. 1964. Manual of the plants of Colorado. 2d ed. Chicago: The Swallow Press Inc. 666 p. [6851]
  • 34. Hickman, James C., ed. 1993. The Jepson manual: Higher plants of California. Berkeley, CA: University of California Press. 1400 p. [21992]
  • 35. Hitchcock, C. Leo; Cronquist, Arthur. 1973. Flora of the Pacific Northwest. Seattle, WA: University of Washington Press. 730 p. [1168]
  • 36. Hoffman, George R. 1985. Germination of herbaceous plants common to aspen forests of western Colorado. Bulletin of the Torrey Botanical Club. 112(4): 409-413. [3267]
  • 37. Hurd, Richard M.; Christisen, Donald M. 1975. Ecology study of Friendly Prairie, Missouri. In: Wali, Mohan K., ed. Prairie: a multiple view. Grand Forks, ND: University of North Dakota Press: 89-102. [4432]
  • 38. Johnson, Ronald G.; Anderson, Roger C. 1986. The seed bank of a tallgrass prairie in Illinois. American Midland Naturalist. 115(1): 123-130. [4568]
  • 39. Kline, Virginia M. 1986. Response of sweet clover (Melilotus alba Desr.) and associated prairie vegetation to seven experimental burning and mowing treatments. In: Clambey, Gary K.; Pemble, Richard H., eds. The prairie: past, present and future: Proceedings, 9th North American prairie conference; 1984 July 29 - August 1; Moorhead, MN. Fargo, ND: Tri-College University Center for Environmental Studies: 149-152. [3560]
  • 4. Bare, Janet E. 1979. Wildflowers and weeds of Kansas. Lawrence, KS: The Regents Press of Kansas. 509 p. [3801]
  • 40. Kron, Kathleen A. 1989. The vegetation of Indian Bowl wet prairie and its adjacent plant communities. II. Checklist of vascular plants. Michigan Botanist. 28(4): 201-215. [17359]
  • 42. Martin, Paul; Houf, Gary F. 1993. Glade grasslands in southwest Missouri. Rangelands. 15(2): 70-73. [21174]
  • 43. Medve, Richard J. 1984. The mycorrhizae of pioneer species in disturbed ecosystems of western Pennsylvania. American Journal of Botany. 71(6): 787-794. [8544]
  • 44. Mohlenbrock, Robert H. 1986. (Revised edition). Guide to the vascular flora of Illinois. Carbondale, IL: Southern Illinois University Press. 507 p. [17383]
  • 45. Moore, Michael. 1979. Medicinal plants of the Mountain West. Santa Fe, NM: Museum of New Mexico Press. 200 p. [12905]
  • 46. Nuzzo, Victoria. 1978. Propagation and planting of prairie forbs and grasses in southern Wisconsin. In: Glenn-Lewin, David C.; Landers, Roger Q., Jr., eds. Proceedings, 5th Midwest prairie conference; 1976 August 22-24; Ames, IA. Ames, IA: Iowa State University: 182-189. [3379]
  • 47. Paulissen, Mark A. 1987. Exploitation by, and the effects of, caterpillar grazers on the annual, Rudbeckia hirta (Compositae). American Midland Naturalist. 117(2): 439-441. [22208]
  • 48. Radford, Albert E.; Ahles, Harry E.; Bell, C. Ritchie. 1968. Manual of the vascular flora of the Carolinas. Chapel Hill, NC: The University of North Carolina Press. 1183 p. [7606]
  • 50. Schwarzmeier, Jerry. 1973. What are our responsibilities in prairie restoration?. In: Hulbert, Lloyd C., ed. Third Midwest prairie conference; 1972 September 22-23; Manhattan, KS. Manhattan, KS: Kansas State University, Division of Biology: 37-40. [18795]
  • 51. Sharp Bros. Seed Co. 1989. Catalog of wildflowers and forbs. Amarillo, TX: Sharp Bros. Seed Co. 20 p. [18001]
  • 52. Sperry, Theodore M. 1983. Analysis of the University of Wisconsin-Madison prairie restoration project. In: Brewer, Richard, ed. Proceedings, 8th North American prairie conference; 1982 August 1-4; Kalamazoo, MI. Kalamazoo, MI: Western Michigan University, Department of Biology: 140-147. [3130]
  • 54. Swan, Frederick R., Jr. 1970. Post-fire response of four plant communities in south-central New York state. Ecology. 51(6): 1074-1082. [3446]
  • 55. U.S. Department of Agriculture, Soil Conservation Service. 1982. National list of scientific plant names. Vol. 1. List of plant names. SCS-TP-159. Washington, DC. 416 p. [11573]
  • 56. Vogl, Richard J. 1974. Effects of fire on grasslands. In: Kozlowski, T. T.; Ahlgren, C. E., eds. Fire and ecosystems. New York: Academic Press: 139-194. [15401]
  • 57. Wcislo, H. 1987. Chromosome numbers of certain Canadian plants. ACTA Biologica Cracoviensia. 29: 19-30. [10674]
  • 58. Widrlechner, Mark P. 1989. Germplasm resources information network and ex situ conservation of germplasm. In: Bragg, Thomas B.; Stubbendieck, James, eds. Prairie pioneers: ecology, history and culture: Proceedings, 11th North American prairie conference; 1988 August 7-11; Lincoln, NE. Lincoln, NE: University of Nebraska: 109-114. [14028]
  • 59. Wilson, R. E. 1970. The role of allelopathy in old-field succession on grassland areas of central Oklahoma. In: Schramm, Peter, ed. Proceedings of a symposium on prairie and prairie restoration; 1968 September 14-15; Galesburg, IL. Special Publication No. 3. Galesburg, IL: Knox College, Biological Field Station: 24-25. [2775]
  • 60. Woehler, Eugene E.; Martin, Mark A. 1980. Annual vegetation changes in a reconstructed prairie. In: Kucera, Clair L., ed. Proceedings, 7th North American prairie conference; 1980 August 4-6; Springfield, MO. Columbia, MO: University of Missouri: 223-229. [3222]
  • 61. Wunderlin, Richard P. 1982. Guide to the vascular plants of central Florida. Tampa, FL: University Presses of Florida, University of South Florida. 472 p. [13125]
  • 62. Miles, L. J.; Parker, G. R. 1980. Effect of soil Cd addition on germination of native plant species. Plant and Soil. 54: 243-247. [22210]
  • 7. Bragg, Thomas B. 1991. Implications for long-term prairie management from seasonal burning of loess hill and tallgrass prairie. In: Nodvin, Stephen C.; Waldrop, Thomas A., eds. Fire and the environment: ecological and cultural perspectives: Proceedings of an international symposium; 1990 March 20-24; Knoxville, TN. Gen. Tech. Rep. SE-69. Asheville, NC: U.S. Department of Agriculture, Forest Service, Southeastern Forest Experiment Station: 34-44. [16631]
  • 8. Branhagen, Alan J. 1990. Gravel prairie, sedge meadow and fen restoration underway at Kieselberg Forest Preserve. Restoration & Management Notes. 8(2): 102-103. [14157]
  • 9. Bronny, Christopher. 1992. Successional restoration of an oak opening. Restoration & Management Notes. 10(1): 77-78. [19498]
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  • Fernald, M. 1950. Manual (ed. 8) i–lxiv, 1–1632. American Book Co., New York.
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  • Harkess, R. L., & Lyons R. E. (1994). Floral Initiation in Rudbeckia hirta (Asteraceae) Under Limited Inductive Photoperiodic Treatments. American Journal of Botany. 81(8), 1021-1026.
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    See:   Abbreviations for Insect ActivitiesAbbreviations for Scientific ObserversReferences for behavioral observations
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