Overview

Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Unknown/Undetermined

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Physical Description

Morphology

Description

Shrubs, 50–200 cm. Stems branched from near bases, glandular-pubescent. Leaves alternate; petioles 5–60+ mm; blades 3-nerved from bases, ovate to deltate, 10–100 × 10–90 mm, bases cordate to truncate, margins crenate to serrate, apices acute to rounded, faces puberulent to glabrate, often gland-dotted. Heads borne in (leafy) paniculiform arrays. Peduncles 1–5 mm, glandular-pubescent. Involucres cylindric to obconic, 7–12 mm. Phyllaries 21–35 in 5–6 series, greenish, often purple-tinged, 3–4-striate, unequal, margins scarious; outer ovate to lance-ovate (glabrous or sparsely glandular-pubescent, apices acute to acuminate), inner lanceolate (glabrous, apices obtuse to acuminate). Florets 8–12; corollas pale yellow-green, 5.5–8 mm. Cypselae 2.5–3.5 mm, puberulent; pappi of 24–30 white, barbellate bristles. 2n = 18.
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Diagnostic Description

Synonym

Bulbostylis californica Torrey & A. Gray, Fl. N. Amer. 2: 79. 1841
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Type Information

Isotype for Coleosanthus axillaris Greene
Catalog Number: US 890362
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): O. B. Metcalfe
Year Collected: 1904
Locality: Hillsboro., Sierra, New Mexico, United States, North America
  • Isotype: Greene, E. L. 1905. Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 149.
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Isotype for Coleosanthus melissaefolius Greene
Catalog Number: US 735321
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): E. O. Wooton
Year Collected: 1897
Locality: Organ Mts., Dona Ana, New Mexico, United States, North America
Elevation (m): 1494 to 1494
  • Isotype: Greene, E. L. 1905. Leafl. Bot. Observ. Crit. 1: 150.
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Type collection for Brickellia wrightii A. Gray
Catalog Number: US 46751
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): C. Wright
Year Collected: 1851
Locality: Near copper mines., New Mexico, United States, North America
  • Type collection: Gray, A. 1853. Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 5 (6): 72.
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Type collection for Brickellia californica var. jepsonii B.L. Rob.
Catalog Number: US 1415837
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): W. L. Jepson
Year Collected: 1891
Locality: Alamo Creek., Solano, California, United States, North America
  • Type collection: Robinson, B. L. 1917. Mem. Gray Herb. 1: 71.
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Type collection for Brickellia tenera A. Gray
Catalog Number: US 46750
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Verification Degree: Original publication and alleged type specimen examined
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): C. Wright
Year Collected: 1851
Locality: Northern Mexico., Mexico, Central America
  • Type collection: Gray, A. 1853. Smithsonian Contr. Knowl. 5 (6): 72.
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Type fragment for Brickellia californica var. lobulata B.L. Rob.
Catalog Number: US 462725
Collection: Smithsonian Institution, National Museum of Natural History, Department of Botany
Preparation: Pressed specimen
Collector(s): C. G. Pringle
Year Collected: 1905
Locality: Parral., Chihuahua, Mexico, North America
Elevation (m): 1768 to 1768
  • Type fragment: Robinson, B. L. 1917. Mem. Gray Herb. 1: 71.
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNR - Unranked

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: G5 - Secure

Reasons: Described as common and as being found in diverse dry habitats by Baldwin et al. (2002). Found throughout the southwestern U.S. (California to Texas and north to southern Idaho and Oregon).

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Wikipedia

Brickellia californica

Brickellia californica is a species of flowering plant in the daisy family known by the common name California brickellbush. It is native to western North America from Baja California to Idaho to Oklahoma. It is a common plant in many habitat types, especially in dry areas.

This is a thickly branching shrub growing one half to two meters in height. The fuzzy, glandular leaves are roughly triangular in shape with toothed to serrated edges. The leaves are 1 to 6 centimeters long. The inflorescences at the end of stem branches contain many small leaves and bunches of narrow, cylindrical flower heads. Each head is about 13 millimeters long and wrapped in flat, wide, purplish green overlapping phyllaries. At the tip of the head are a number of long white to pink disc florets. The fruit is a hairy cylindrical achene 3 millimeters long with a pappus of bristles.

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Notes

Comments

Floret number of 18 is reported for Brickellia californica in most floras; A. Cronquist (1994) noted that 18 is high by his count; he reported 12 as the maximum number for the specimens he sampled and that fits the specimens I have counted from Arizona.
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