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Overview

Brief Summary

Carline thistle is a natural hygrometer. During dry sunny days, the petals are spread out. If the air is humid, the petals start to curl up and if it rains, they form a dome over the heart of the flower. Carline thistle makes a very good dried plant. In fact, it is someitmes more obvious in the winter when all other growth is less prominent. The dried stems and flowers often remain upright till the next spring. Even in the winter the plant still acts as a hygrometer. Carline thistle is popular among songbirds such as linnets and goldfinches and various insects.
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Distribution

National Distribution

United States

Origin: Exotic

Regularity: Regularly occurring

Currently: Unknown/Undetermined

Confidence: Confident

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Ecology

Associations

Foodplant / internal feeder
larva of Acanthiophilus helianthi feeds within capitulum of Carlina vulgaris

Foodplant / parasite
Golovinomyces cichoracearum parasitises live Carlina vulgaris

In Great Britain and/or Ireland:
Foodplant / internal feeder
larva of Larinus planus feeds within capitulum of Carlina vulgaris
Remarks: Other: uncertain

Foodplant / saprobe
gregarious, more or less linearly arranged, dimorphic pycnidium of Phoma coelomycetous anamorph of Phoma exigua var. exigua is saprobic on dead stem of Carlina vulgaris
Remarks: season: 4-7

Foodplant / parasite
mostly hypophyllous telium of Puccinia calcitrapae parasitises live leaf of Carlina vulgaris

Foodplant / saprobe
colony of Stachybotrys dematiaceous anamorph of Stachybotrys dichroa is saprobic on dead stem of Carlina vulgaris
Remarks: season: 4-9

Foodplant / saprobe
effuse colony of Veronaea dematiaceous anamorph of Veronaea carlinae is saprobic on dead stem of Carlina vulgaris
Remarks: season: 9

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Molecular Biology and Genetics

Molecular Biology

Barcode data: Carlina vulgaris

The following is a representative barcode sequence, the centroid of all available sequences for this species.


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Statistics of barcoding coverage: Carlina vulgaris

Barcode of Life Data Systems (BOLDS) Stats
Public Records: 5
Specimens with Barcodes: 10
Species With Barcodes: 1
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Conservation

Conservation Status

National NatureServe Conservation Status

United States

Rounded National Status Rank: NNA - Not Applicable

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NatureServe Conservation Status

Rounded Global Status Rank: GNR - Not Yet Ranked

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Wikipedia

Carlina vulgaris

Carline thistle (Carlina vulgaris) is a species of the genus Carlina.


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