Sometimes taxonomists create new names for groups that already have a name. They may do this because they are unaware of the original name, or they may think the organism before them belongs to a different group when in fact it does not. If two or more names are found to apply to the same group, they are considered synonyms. In most cases, the first name takes priority and is considered to be the valid or accepted name. However, there can be exceptions, and it's not always easy to determine which of a series of synonyms should be considered valid or accepted. Here we list the synonyms provided to EOL by our classification partners. We also include other versions of the name that most likely refer to the same group, for example, misspellings in the literature or different variations of the authorship associated with the name.

Preferred marks the preferred name from each source.

BioLib.cz Import

Name Relationship
Cnicus benedictus L. Preferred
Centaurea benedicta (L.) L. Synonym
Cirsium pugnax Sommier & Levier

Tropicos resource

Name Relationship
Cnicus benedictus L. Preferred
Centaurea benedicta (L.) L.

Species 2000 & ITIS Catalogue of Life: April 2013

Name Relationship
Centaurea benedicta (L.) L. Preferred
Cnicus benedictus var. microcephalus (K.Koch) Boiss.
Cnicus benedictus var. benedictus
Cnicus benedictus var. kotschyi Boiss.
Centaurea pseudobenedicta (Asch.) E.H.L.Krause
Centaurea centriflora Friv. ex Gugler
Calcitrapa benedicta (L.) Sweet
Calcitrapa lanuginosa Lam.
Cirsium horridum (Adams) Petr.
Carbeni benedicta (L.) Adans.
Carbeni benedicta (L.) Arcang.
Cnicus bulgaricus Panov
Cnicus kotschyi Sch.Bip.
Cnicus benedictus L.
Cardosanctus officinalis Bubani
Carduus benedictus Auct. ex Steud.
Carduus benedictus (L.) Garsault
Benedicta officinalis Bernh.

NCBI Taxonomy

Name Relationship
Centaurea benedicta Preferred
Centaurea benedicta (L.) L. Authority
Cnicus benedictus L.
Cnicus benedictus

Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS)

Name Relationship
Centaurea benedicta (L.) L. Preferred
Cnicus benedictus L.
Cirsium pugnax Sommier & Levier

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